РАСКОПКИ 1929-1930 г
The Necropolis of Giza has attracted the attention of Egyptologists for more than a hundred years. During the nineteenth century many explorers worked in different parts of it, clearing tombs here and there, and in some cases unfortunately leaving no record of their discoveries. At the beginning of the present century it was divided up by the Egyptian Government into three sections which were allotted by the Service des Antiquites to explorers from America, Germany, and Italy. Then, for the first time, excavations were begun on a scientific basis.
The area behind the Pyramid of Cheops, as well as that west of the Pyramid of Mykerinos, was allotted to America.
The central part with the area west of the Pyramid of Chephren was reserved for Germany. The southern portion and the area to the west of the Pyramid of Cheops
was given to Italy. In 1912 the German concession was shared by Austria, and before 1914 the Italians abandoned their section. During the Great War only the Americans carried on researches at Giza.
At the conclusion of the Great War the concessions were re-arranged by the Service des Antiquites. Austria was given an area to the west and south of the Pyramid of Cheops, and the ground which remained unexplored of the former German concession was reserved for the Department of Antiquities. Part of the original Italian concession was allotted to the University of Harvard and the area to the west of the Sphinx that had been reserved by the Antiquities Department was later handed over to the Egyptian University.
It is the record of the first year of the Egyptian University’s explorations at Giza that forms the subject of the present volume.
In the winter of 1927 I visited Professor Junker who was then exploring the ground to the West of the Great Pyramid and the idea occurred to me that the Egyptian University might undertake excavations in that part of the necropolis which had been reserved by the Service des Antiquites. I then expressed my desire to the University authorities, and, after some conversations, it was agreed that I should join Professor Junker at Giza and be trained by him in the work of excavating. Accordingly, in 1928, I spent three months at Professor Junker’s camp, and my University then applied, through M. Lacau, to the Comite d’Egyptqlogie, for the concession of the area that had been reserved for the Department of Antiquities to the west of the Sphinx.THE area excavated during the season 1929-1930 is shown on the General Plan, facing the title-page. It includes the whole of the great Tomb of the Sem-priest Re’-wer and seventeen Old Kingdom Mastabas lying to the east, west, and south of it. Eleven of these Mastabas were inscribed and were built for the following officials:
(1) The Overseer of the Scribes of the Pyramid of Khufu, Akhet-hetep.
(2) The Steward, Iy.
(3) The Overseer of the i^a-servants of the King’s Mother, Imby.
(4) The Steward and Overseer of the i£#-servants, Weser.
(5) The Overseer of the i£a-servants, Fefi.
(6) The Companion of Ref-wer and Overseer of the Young Men of the Palace, Mersu-‘ankh .
(7) The Steward of the .Sm-priest, Meruka.
(8) The Overseer of the Department of the Domains of the Great House, Nefer-went .
(9) The Instructor of the Royal Singers, Re’-wer.
(10) A man without titles named Zefa-nesut.
(n) The Overseer of the i£tf-servants, Deda.
Besides these Mastabas, over one hundred shafts were cleared and examined; they are all described in the present volume.
The area that has been explored is not all ‘virgin’ ground. ‘Sondages’ were made in it in the time of Mariette Pasha, but the exact date when they were carried out is not known, and no records are available, if any were ever made. Several Statues and fragments of Statues of Re’-wer were brought to the Cairo Museum in the seventies of last century; these undoubtedly were found in Re’-wer’s Tomb.