EXCAVATIONS AT GlZA 1929-1930
G8110
. The Tomb of Re’-Wer
Before beginning the description of the tomb it may be of interest to point out some of the special features which have been brought to light during its excavation.
1. It is one of the largest private tombs of the Old Kingdom that has been discovered in Egypt. It is not a Mastaba but consistsp1. План участка раскопок 1929-30 гг of a series of irregular chambers unsymmetrically arranged. So complex is the plan that it gives one the impression that the tomb was enlarged from time to time during the course of its construction.
2. The number of its Serdabs and Niches is remarkable. Generally a tomb of Old Kingdom date has one or two, or at most five. Here there are 25 Serdabs and 20 Niches. Many of these Serdabs contained more than one statue or statuette, and in one instance five. Usually a Serdab has but one opening by means of which the statue could be seen by a visitor to the tomb. Some of the Serdabs here have as many apertures as there were statues in it, and some have also special openings or ‘windows’ to let in light.
3. In Egyptian tombs the Serdab is generally hidden from the visitor, but here, in some cases, the four walls of the Serdab are exposed to view, and one is actually built in the facade of the tomb.
Before the opening of the Serdab there is a step for the visitor to mount and inspect the statue within; this is believed to be a new feature in tomb design. In the brick Serdabs the aperture is a narrow opening extending from base to top of the wall.
4. From the number of Serdabs and Niches it mayp3. Plan of theTomb of Re'-Wer be inferred that there were once more than a hundred statues and statuettes of Re’-wer contained in the tomb. This number is as unparalleled for a private person as it is for a monarch.
5. Some of the Statues were carved in one piece of stone with the naos, and another note-worthy fact is that two of the statuette groups are ‘triple statuettes’ of the same individual.
6. The two massive round Alabaster Offering Tables are unique of their kind, and so also is the Alabaster Panel. The Offering Tables were embedded below in crude brick and the Alabaster Panel was framed and backed in crude brick, not in stone; this was probably because crude brick is less affected by heat than stone and would tend better to preserve the alabaster.
7. The two Libation Pits are unusual and were certainly employed in the Cult of the Dead.
8. All the blocks of stone in one part of the tomb were inscribed with the name of Re’-Wer written in linear script in red paint; these were doubtless made by scribes in the quarry from whence the stone was procured.
Situation of the tomb of Re’-Wer
The tomb of Re’-Wer  (p3) lies directly to the south-west of the Sphinx (p2), from which it is separated by the paved sloping Causeway leading from the so-called ‘Temple of the Sphinx’ to the Pyramid of King Chephren.
Forecourt
The area of the Forecourt, as it now exists, is about 12.80 m by 17.87 m, but it is not possible to decide its original extent as the eastern boundary is covered by part of the brick Girdle-wall of the Sphinx; this wall was erected by Tuthmosis IV, for bricks built into it are stamped with the prenomen p2. Расположение Комплекса Re'-Wer на CFof that king. On the west, the Forecourt is bounded by a p4. Forecourtsmall uninscribed Mastaba which may be older than Re’-Wer’s tomb. On the north is the paved Causeway leading from the Temple of Chephren to the Pyramid of that monarch. In the floor of the Forecourt are thirteen shafts of different depths which probably date from the end of the Old Kingdom. The Forecourt ends on the south side by a depression 16.70 m by 1.50 m. Its depth on the west is 1.50 m, but it gets shallower and narrower towards the east until it disappears under the enclosure wall of the Sphinx which is here vaulted below. At this point the depth is half a metre and the breadth 1.40 m. The existence of this depression raises a difficult question: Where was the principal entrance to the tomb?
The answer may be one of two hypotheses. There must have been either steps leading down to it, or the entrance was from the east side of the depression which is now hidden under the Girdle-wall of the Sphinx.
Main entrance and Vestibule
The Main entrance (see p5, p6) is not symmetrically situated in the centre of the Facade, for the western side is shorter than the eastern. On the eastern side there has been built a long Serdab 1 (S. I)  measuring on its exterior 6.50 m by 1.50 m and on its interior 5.25 m by 0.60 m; its present height is 2.85 m. The aperture of this Serdab is in the east wall.
On both sides of the Entrance were two columns whose bases, measuring 0.90 m in diameter, are still in situ; they are of white Turah limestone. The columns p5. Main Entrance and Vestibulehave disappeared and the large architrave which they supported has fallen and is broken into several pieces; it measured 5.25 m by 0.68 m by 1.03 m and was cut from the local rock.
The walls of the fasade are built of blocks of local stone and rest on the native rock which has been cut down to about 0.71 m in one place and then descends gradually. The opening of the doorway is 1.58 m; the thickness of the jambs 20 cm.; and the present height 3.26 m (p5).
The doorway gives access to a passage 3.32 m by 1.94 m, the walls of which are built of coarse yellow local stone. This passage leads to another doorway with jambs of Turah limestone.
The last-mentioned doorway gives access to a rectangular Vestibule (see p4)  measuring 8.20 m long  by 2.22 m broad. The floor is paved with slabs of Turah limestone. The northern wall cased with white limestone. At the eastern end of this wall is a Niche 1 (N.I).
The southern wall is built of three courses of local stone, the upper courses being Turah limestone; in it is the aperture to Serdab 2.
In the western wall of the Vestibule there is a simple Naos of one piece of white limestone placed about 1.70 m above the level of the paved floor. The interior dimensions of the base of this Naos are 1.04 ms. by 82 cm. Its present height is i.8o m.
The Offering Hall
At the right-hand end of the southern wall of the Vestibule there is a doorway and passage leading to The Offering Hall (see p7, p8). The jambs of the doorway are of white lime stone; the present height of the one on the western side is 2.65 m, and of that on the eastern side is 2.30 m.
The Passage measures 3.15 cm by 1.01 m. In itsp7. Offering Hall western wall is the Serdab 3 (S3) with its aperture in the centre of the wall at a height of 1.55 m.p8
The Offering Hall (p7) is rectangular and measures 11.47 m length by 3.40 m in breadth.
Its eastern wall is built of crude brick and down the axis of the Hall are four large circular offering tables (or the bases of offering tables) of white limestone. Each measures 86 cm in diameter, and they are equidistant from one another (about 1.55 m). In the eastern wall opposite each offering table is a false door, and between each false door is a recess or Niche for a statuette; these niches are 80 cm in width and 1.00 m in depth. Of the last two niches (N. 5 and N. 6) only traces now remain. All the niches and false doors are covered with plaster and were painted red.
The western wall of the Offering Hall was built on a raised platform of crude brick, 30 cm high; it is of white limestone.
At the southern end of the Offering Hall, in a line with the bases of the offering tables, was a pier of rectangular section, 106 m by 0-96 m. To the right and left of it are doorways of equal
breadth (1.30 m by 98 cm) that lead to a brick-built chamber measuring 356 m by 1.60 m. That on the western side had a door with two leaves, the sockets for which are still visible.
The Eastern Passage or Corridor
The jambs of the entrance to the Passage or Corridor are of white limestone.
From the inner side of the threshold of the entrance the Eastern Passagep9 (see p9) begins to slope. It measures 3.22 m by 1.44 m and the height is now 3.0 m.
In the western wall is an aperture to Serdab 2 (S2). This aperture is intact and is made at a height of 1.74 m from the floor. The eastern wall is built of coarse yellow local stone.
At the end of this first passage is a doorway leading to another and longer corridor sloping downwards in the same direction as the first. The door here was of one leaf turning on a pivot on the left side.
This second sloping passage is paved and measures 6.15 m by 1.38 m. The eastern wall is the external wall of the tomb and has a thickness of 085 cm; it is now only 2.70 m high. On the western
side there is a platform (width 45 cm) with two chambers separated by a wall.
The first chamber, measuring 2.30 m by 1.22 m with present height 2.70 m.
The Second Chamber of the Eastern Passage must have been a Serdab 4(S4), but the outer wall of it has been destroyed. It measures 2.30 m by 1.22 m.
At the end of this part of thep10 Eastern Passage a doorway leads to a third sloping passage longer than the first two (see fig. 11). It is 2170 ms. long by 1 m. wide. Its eastern wall is built of sun-dried bricks faced with a layer of yellow plaster. Its original height is not certain; it is now only 1.55 m. In thickness it is 1.56 m.
Immediately after the entrance on the west side is a small chamber or Niche 7 (N. 7), at the back of which is a life-size statue of Rer-wer in a naos. The statue and naos are carved out of one piece of white limestone.
Next to the ‘Niche 7 is a long Serdab 5 (S. 5) measuring 5.27 m by 1.37 m. It has four apertures; one opens at the north end of it, the other three are on the east side and are equidistant.
There is a platform measuring 5.35 m by 0.50 m in front of the Serdab. The outer casing is of white Turah limestone.
Beyond Serdab 5 (S5) are two more (S6 and 7) built of crude brick and each measuring 1.70 m by 1.45 m. They are separated from one another by a paved passage that leads to a Falsedoor or Stela placed above two steps. Instead of the usual Serdab aperture there is here a long and narrow vertical opening 10 cm in width. In each of these two Serdabs is an p12elevated platform, 1.03 m by 1.07 p11. Central Court with buildings behind itm.
As in the case of Serdab 5 there is a raised platform along the front of the two Serdabs; this measures 6.00 m by 0.94 m.
The False-door or Stela between them may be a False-door for the great Central Serdab 12 (S12) which is directly behind it.
Leaving Serdabs 6 and 7 and following the sloping passage for 8.50 m, there is a doorway leading into the eastern side of the Central Court (see p11).
The northern end of the Central Court, measuring 5.90 m. by 2.20 m, was roofed, the roof being supported by two rectangular pillars 50 cm by 60 cm. A fallen block shows that the roof was of limestone slabs carved to represent palmtrunk beams. The walls, also of limestone, were probably painted.
At the north end of the Central Gourt is a Passage, 4.30 m by 1.53 m; on each side of it were two Serdabs (S8 and S9 on the eastern side, and S10 and S11 on the western side).
At the northern end of the Passage is a doorway which had a door in one leaf; the socket is still visible. Behind the door is the PRINCIPAL Serdab 12 (S12), which measures 6.35 m by 2.08 m.
The roof of the Serdab consisted of four large slabs of limestone but only one remains in place.
The walls of Serdab 13 (S13)have fallen, except a block on the right-hand side of the outer one (see p13).
THE Open Court
Turning back towards the east, a sloping platform, 4.55 m long, leads from the centre of the Central Court into a spacious Open Court 9 (see p13); its western side is bound by the native rock cut to represent built-up courses of stone-work; on its eastern sidep13 is the outer face of Serdab 14 (S14).
On the western side of the Open Court, opposite the first aperture of Serdab 14, is an Alabaster Altar set in mud (brick?) in a rectangular construction of localp14 limestone; the circular top of this great alabaster block is polished, but its sides have been left rough.
The southern end of the Open Court was roofed over; the lower parts of two rectangular pillars with pilasters on either side remain in situ. Round the base of each pillar is a casing of local limestone with mud (brick?) filling.
The floor of the Open Court is cut in the living rock, but at the southern end (i.e. the part which was roofed over) there is a platform of local stone raised about 20 cm above the main floor.
The Serdab 14, on the eastern side of the Open Court, measures 9.75 m long by 1.05 m wide. It is built of coarse local stone against the Mastaba of Shaft 35, and was cased with slabs of Turah limestone. It has three apertures opening on to the Court, and each of these has before it a niche with raised platform to enable the visitor to mount and inspect the statues within the Serdab. Two of these niches are well preserved and
measure 1.00 m by 0.45 cm.
At the north-eastern end of the roofed end of the Open Court is another Niche 13 (N13), measuring 0.65 cm by 0.50 cm.
At the south-eastern end of the p15Open Court there is the entrance 90 cm wide (see p15) to a sloping passage (see p14) giving access to the southern chambers of Re’-wer’s tomb. p16The jambs of this entrance were of white limestone, but only the lower part of the one on the left is preserved. The northernwall of this passage is built on to the southern wall of the Mastaba of Shaft No. 35. Its southern wall is the northern wall of Serdab 16 (S16).
Leading out of the passage at its eastern end is a Brick-built Chamber (see p16), with Niche 14 (N14) at the end of it. The outer jambs of the doorway are of white limestone; the inner ones are set back 15 cm and are of brick. The chamber itself measures 4.70 ms long by 2.20 m broad. The walls are covered with a coating of yellow plaster (3.5 cm thick) and whitewashed. At the eastern end is Niche 14 IN14), measuring 0.42 m by 0.36 m, and reached by three steps of white limestone. The first step is elevated 38 cm above the floor of the chamber; here was a door of two leaves; the socket-holes are still intact.
On the south side of the passagep17 leading from the Roofed Court to the Brick Chamber with Niche 14 (N14) is the entrance to another passage (see p16), 1.52 m broad, sloping for a distance of 3.28 m. but level for the rest of its length (9.50 m).
This gives access to another Roofed Court (see p17), at the back of which is Serdab 15 (S15). The Court is 5.20 m long by 1.65 m broad and its roof was supported by two pillars, 37 cm square, with narrow pilasters on either side. The walls are of brick covered with a layer of plaster (3-5 cm thick), and whitewashed. In the centre of the eastern wall is the aperture of a long brick-built Serdab 15 (S15) measuring 7 m long by 0.87 m broad. Its eastern wall is built against the western wall of a small limestone Mastaba lying outside the boundary of Re’-Wer’s tomb. The floor is elevated about 55 cm above the level of the floor of the Roofed Court in front of it. Near the centre of the level part of the passage is a shallow pit that was originally covered with five slabs of white limestone but only three are now preserved.
At the southern end of the passage was a Niche (?) with doorway; the door was of one leaf,
but the original structure here is too much destroyed to give any real clue as to its purpose.
In front of the Roofed Court is the entrance (see p18)p18, 2.12 m wide, to another series of chambers built on a lower level than the central part of the tomb. On either side of the entrance are two small Niches 15 and 16 (N15 and 16), both measuring 1.28 m by 0.55 m. Beyond these Niches is a short narrow passage, 1.10 m by 0.74 m wide, with doorway at end giving
access to a large Court containing many Serdabs.
To the north is, on the east wall, a rectangular chamber measuring 1.90 m by 1.10 ms, which had a door in one leaf.
Further on is the aperture of Serdab 16 (S16); it measures 0.45 m wide on the outside and 1.50
m on the inside. The Serdab itself measures 2.30 m by 1.50 m. Its outer wall is of slabs of fine white limestone.
At the end of the passage with Serdab 16 (S16) is a Niche 19 (N19) measuring 1.65 m by 1.00 m.
Niche 17 (N17) is cut out of the living rock, it is 1.20 m long by 0.97 m wide and its present height is 2 m.
Opposite the passage-way from the Roofed Court leading into the series of buildings on the lower level of the tomb is another Court (see p19) with two rectangular pillars, showing that it was once roofed. In its northern wall is Serdab 17 (S17) measuring 1.35 m by 0.75 m.
Adjoining Serdab 17 (S17) in the p19western wall is another (S18), measuring 2.10 m by 1.48 m, its aperture faces east and there was a window in its southern wall.

On the southern side of the Roofed Court were two more Serdabs (S19 and S20), similar in plan and size to those on the northern side.
Serdab 21 (S21) measures 1.70 m by 0.75 m. The outer wall of this Serdab has disappeared.
Serdab 22 (S22)  is of the same dimensions as S21.
To the west of the Libation Pit is a large Chamber (see p20) excavated in the living rock. Its outer face is cut in imitation of the courses of a stone-built Mastaba. On each side of the entrance are two recesses cut in the rock; they were perhaps for white limestone stelae. In the one on the right-hand side — i.e. the northern side — was fixed a large limestone slab which projects outwards.
The entrance to the Rock-cut Chamber was flanked by two outer jambs of white limestone, and two inner jambs cut in the living rock, these latter have two sloping depressions cut in the
middle of them measuring about 75 cm; whether they belong to the original design of the tomb is not apparent.
The passage leading into the Rock-cut Chamber is 3.25 m long and 0.60 m broad. The Chamber itself is rectangular, 5.35 m across by 2.75 m broad. In the centre of the inner-most wall is a recess 1-10 m deep by 1.75 m across; this recess was probably for a white limestone False-door.
Behind this Rock-cut Chamber, a short distance to the north-west, is a large Shaft (see p21), 2.15 m by 1.95 m at the top, and 14.95 m  depth, with a Sarcophagus Chamber at the bottom. This Sarcophagus Chamber is lined with slabs of white limestone and lies to the south of the Shaft; it measures 6.10 m by 3.82 m by 2.20 m. Its aperture is 2.30 m by 1.65 m by 1.95 m.
The chamber is filled with water and it has not been possible as yet to explore it thoroughly.
A short distance to the west of Niche 17 (N17) in the southern wall of the Court there is an entrance, 0.80 m wide, giving access to a narrow Hall (see p22), 5.95 m long by 1.25 m broad. At the eastern end of the Hall is Serdab 25 (S25); it measures 3.40 m by 1.10 m, and had two apertures, one on the western side opening in the eastern wall of the Hall, and one in the southern wall opening on to the Mastaba of Akhethetep.

In the southern wall of the Hall facing the entrance is a large recessed Niche 20 (N20) and the aperture to Serdab 24 (S24). The Niche measures 1.50 m by 1.00 m and had a door in two leaves in front of it. The threshold, of white limestone, is raised 37 cm above the level of the Hall floor, and the Niche floor is raised 58 cm above the threshold. The walls were cased with slabs of fine white limestone. This Niche was used in later times as a burial-place and in its floor is cut a shaft with Sarcophagus chamber at the bottom running south.
In the Hall wall to the left of Niche 20 is the aperture to Serdab 24 (S24); in front of this aperture was a step of white limestone. The Serdab measures 1.25 m by 1.15 m.  In the Serdab’s southern wall is a narrow opening or window.
In the southern wall of the Offering Chamber is the opening to Serdab 23 (S23). This is the largest and best preserved Serdab in the tomb; it measures 6.88 m long by 1.80 m broad, and 2.75 m high. The roof consists of six large slabs of local stone. In the centre of its southern wall there is an aperture opening on to the large Courtyard of an uninscribed Mastaba.

 G8120. The Mastaba of Meruka
THE Mastaba of Meruka (see p1) is built against the northern end of the eastern wall of the Tomb of Rer-wer; its northern limit is hidden below the brick Girdle-wall of the Sphinx. The facade, built of local limestone, faces east.
The entrance to the p1Mortuary Chapel is a narrow passage 0.65 m. wide.p2
The Chapel is a rectangular chamber constructed of white limestone slabs on a foundation of native rock and measures 4.20 m in length by 1.55 m broad, and 2.85 m high.
It was roofed with large slabs of white limestone, each slab measuring 0.80 m by 0.25 m by 1.70 m; only two slabs still remain in situ. The walls of this Chapel are mostly destroyed, but at the southern end of the western one is a False-door of two slabs of stone without inscriptions. On the facade, at a distance of 4.75 m from the entrance, on its right-hand side, is another False-door, without inscriptions.
The Shaft of the Mastaba (see p2) is to the north of the Chapel; it is 7.50 ms. deep, with a sarcophagus chamber at bottom on the south side. This chamber measures 4.20 m by 2.65 m, and in its floor is cut a rectangular recess which served as the sarcophagus; over the recess was a large slab of limestone which served as a lid.

G8130. The Mastaba of Zefa-Nesut
This Mastaba (see p3) is situated between the Tomb of Re’-Wer and the Mastaba of Kamnefert, and is approached from the south by means of six descending steps cut in the native rock, which lead to a small opening (65 cm by 90 cm), giving access to a long narrow passage (9.00 m by 0.85 m) with doorway to the Mastaba.p3 The Mastaba itself is partly cut in the rock and partly built of local stone. On its facade were two false-door recesses. The doorway is i.8o m high by 0.75 m wide; the door was of one leaf opening inwards with socket on eastern side.
The roofed passage to which the doorway gives access has three windows; one opens to the south, the second to the north, and the third, which is the largest of the three, opens to the east.
In the middle of the facade is the doorway to the Mortuary Chapel; this is cut in the native rock and measures 2.15 m high by 0.70 m wide. The Chapel is rectangular in plan, measures 6.10 m by 2.18 m and its roof was supported by two pillars square in section. In the northern wall is a large niche (1.15 m by 1.67 m by 0.50 m).
SHAFTS. There are two shafts cut in the rock floor of the Mortuary Chamber.
No. 1. On the southern side of the Chamber; 3.90 m deep, with two sarcophagus chambers at the bottom on the south side.
No. 2. On the northern side of the Chamber; 3.80 ms. deep, with burial chamber at the bottom on the west side.

G8131.  THE MASTABA OF THE INSTRUCTOR OF THE ROYAL SINGERS, RE’-WER
This Mastaba (see p4) is built onp4 to the south-eastern corner of the Mastaba of Zefa-nesut and measures 3-45 ms. by 2-25 ms.
On its facade, which faces east, are three False-doors.
Fals-door No 1 is composed of a single slab of local limestone, the upper part of which has weathered away. It now measures 1.20 m by 0.68 m.
Fals-door No 2 is composed of a single slab of local limestone broken near the middle into two parts; it measures 1.73 m by 0.66 m.
Fals-door No. 3 is composed of local limestone, measuring 1.05 m by 1.60 m.
There are two Shafts in the Mastaba.
Shaft No. 140  is 2.20 m deep, with a rectangular sarcophagus at bottom on the west side.
Shaft No. 141 is 2*50 m deep, with a large rectangular sarcophagus chamber at bottom on west side.

G8132. THE MASTABA OF NEFER-WENT
The Mastaba of Nefer-went is situated to the west of the Serdabs No 10 and No 11 of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and to the north of the path leading to the Serdab No. 13 (S13). On the eastern face of the Mastaba, at a distance of 1.54 ms. from its southern end, isp5 a small recess with a small table for offerings in front of it; both recess and offering-table are much weathered. On the same wall, at a distance of 3.20 m from the recess is another, measuring 1.30 m by 0.72 m.; lying in front of it was found a False-door bearing the name of Nefer-went. This False-door measures 88 cm. by 48 cm by 13 cm and is cut out of a single block of white limestone.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No. 91, 2.80 ms. deep, with an unfinished chamber cut at the bottom at the west side. Plundered in ancient times.
Shaft No. 92, 5.50 ms. deep, with a sarcophagus chamber 3.20 m by 2.00 m, cut at the bottom on the south side. In the floor is sunk a rectangular recess.

G8133. MASTABA OF MERSU-‘ANKH
THE Mastaba of Mersu-‘ankh is built on a slope of the native rock in the north-west corner of the path leading to Serdab No 13 of Re’-wer (see p15). It measures on the outside
5.45 m by 3.45 m by 2.35 m.
The Chapel is a narrow chamber (3.60 m by 0.68 m by 2.05 m) with entrance (1.45 m by 0.58 m by 0.45 m) to the south. The lintel and jambs are of local yellowish limestone. The threshold, elevated about 45 cm above the floor of the pathway, is composed of two slabs of local stone. The right and left walls of the Chapel are built of six courses of local stone. The floor is cut in the native rock.
SHAFTS.
No 144, measuring 1.00 m by 1.00 m by 3.60 m in depth. The burial chamber is to the west and measures 1.50 m by 1.10 m.
No 145, measuring 1.00 m by 1.00 m by 7.40 m in depth. The burial chamber, cut in the rock directly under Serdab No 13 of Re’-wer, is 1.50 m by 1.50 m. The burial chamber is to the west and its floor is sunk 60 cm below the bottom of the shaft.

G8140. THE MASTABA OF SHAFT No 35
The Mastaba of the shaft No 35 (see p6) is built of coarse local limestone and measures 24.00 m by 12.75 m. It western side abuts on to Serdab No 14 of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and its southern end on to the Brick Chamber with Alabaster Panel of the same tomb.
In the eastern facade of the Mastaba was a large uninscribed False-door.
There is no Mortuary Chapel to this Mastaba.
SHAFTS,
Shaft No 35 (see p7) is 13.60 m deep, with a rectangular sarcophagus at bottom
on the south side; this chamber is filled with water.
Shaft No 36. The opening to this Shaft is 1.30 m square and it is 2.10 m deep; it is unfinished and there is no sarcophagus chamber.

G8150. THE MASTABA OF AKHET-HETEP
THIS Mastaba is situated to the south of the tomb of Rer-werp7 and east of the rock-cut mastaba (see p7). It is partly excavated in the living rock and its upper part is completed by several courses of local stone blocks. The doorway giving access to the chapel faces to the east (dimensions 2.26 m high by 0.78 m wide). Above the entrance, between the jambs, is a large drum bearing the inscription: ‘He who is concerned with the King’s Affairs, the Scribe of the Granary and the Treasury, Akhethetep’.
The Chapel is composed of two parts marked ‘A’ and ‘B’ on the plan.
‘A’ measures 3.13 m by 1.40 m and its roof consists of six slabs of white limestone whose breadth varies from 60 to 90 cm. These slabs are supported on the east by the outer wall of the mastabas and on the west by an architrave supported by a single column, square in section; both architrave and column are cut out of the native rock. In the eastern wall, high up, have been cut two small rectangular apertures which serve as windows. Cut in the right wall is a doorway giving access to the sarcophagus chamber of Akhet-hetep’s wife Nekauhathor; it is situated immediately behind false-door which is built in the facade of the mastaba.
‘B’. This part of the chamber is entirely cut out of the native rock and measures 1.18 m to 2.20 m in depth, 7.13 m in width, and 2.15 m in height; its floor is on a slightly higher level than the floor of ‘A’. The outer, right- and left-hand walls are uninscribed, but on the inner wall are three false-doors and a palace-facade sculptured in relief.
SHAFTS.
Shaft 1. In front of the door of the burial chamber of Nekauhathor is a shallow shaft measuring 1.10 m by 1.10 m with sarcophagus recess below.
Shaft 2. In the floor of the Mortuary chapel near the first and second False-doors is a shaft measuring 1.25 m by 1.25 m and 5.60 m deep. Contents: The sarcophagus recess at the bottom was filled with water.

G8160. THE MASTABA OF THE OVERSEER OF THE KA-SERVANTS, DEDA
The Rock-cut Mastaba  of Deda (see p8) is situated to the north-east of the Mastaba of Akhet-hetep, near the south-eastern corner of the Tomb of Rer-wer. It is rectangular in plan, measuring 4.20 m by 2.00 m, and is below the level of the neighbouring Mastabas. It is approached from the south by means of descending steps cut in the rock which lead to a small court 2.75 m by 1.65 m, in the western side of which is the entrance to the Mortuary Chamber of the Mastaba.
Above the lintel of the doorway there are two courses of local limestone blocks; the lintel itself and the drum below it is cut out of the native rock. The Mortuary Chamber measures 4.30 m by 1.95 m and is 2.05 m high.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No. 117, 3.45 m deep, unfinished.
Shaft No. 60, 6.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on west side.
Shaft No. 80, 9.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side.

G8170. THE UNINSCRIBED ROCK-CUT MASTABA
This Mastaba (see p9) is situated to the south of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and west of the Mastabas of Akhet-hetep and Imby (see General Plan); it is probably older than the Tomb of Ref-wer, for there is a window to his Serdab 23 opening on to its Forecourt. In front of the fafade (see p9) a spacious rectangular Courtyard measuring 40 m by 5.60 m, which occupies the whole length of the Mastaba; the eastern and southern walls are built of crude brick, the lower courses of which alone remain; the northern wall is the southern wall of Ref-wer’s Serdab 23; the western wall is the rock-cut fafade of the Mastaba. The eastern and southern walls are of recessed brick-work; between every three ‘single’ recesses or niches is a ‘double’ recess or niche; altogether there are 43 single and 13 double niches. In the eastern wall, near its centre, is an opening or doorway leading to the Street of the Priests, and at the southern end of the same wall is a doorway giving access to a short passage which opens on to a small brick chamber.
The outer face of the rock in which the Mastaba is cut was cased with large slabs of Turah limestone. The thickness of this casing at the floor level is about 1.8o m, but the thickness gradually decreases in the upper courses; the lowest course of casing slabs is fitted into a space, 0.25 m deep, sunk in the floor of the Courtyard. A few slabs of this casing still remain in situ.
In front of the entrance to the Mortuary Chapel, at a distance of about 2.47 m from its fasade wall, is a ‘curtain wall’, partly cut in the rock and partly built of brick, 0.85 m high by 230 m long.
The Mortuary Chapel. The doorway giving access to the Mortuary Chapel is 3.60 m in height by 0.90 m wide; the outer jambs and passage-way were cased with Turah limestone. The Chapel, entirely cut in the native rock, measures 8.38 m by 3.45 m. On the eastern wall, on both sides of the entrance, are built screen walls of limestone blocks. The floor of the centre part of the Chapel is paved with large slabs of limestone, each slab being about 20 cm thick. p10
On the left side of the entrance a rectangular basin of fine Turah limestone, 54 cm by 32 cm by 33 cm, has been let into a hole sunk in the floor. To the west of this basin are two circular depressions, each 60 cm in diameter, sunk in the floor. In the northern wall of the Chapel is cut a descending passage, measuring 1.20 m by 1.35 m, by 5.00  m deep; the end of this passage has been left rough. In the western wall, at about 1.00 m from the floor level, a False-door (80 cm by 25 cm) has been cut in the rock.
On the right-hand side of the western wall is a rectangular opening (height 1.25 m, width 1.15 m) giving access to a descending passage leading to the Sarcophagus Chamber. In this passage was a large block of compact limestone that had been used to close the Sarcophagus Chamber. The Chamber itself is rectangular, and measures 5.25 m by 2.75 m.  By the western wall is a sarcophagus of red granite, without inscriptions. Its exterior measurements are 2.21 m by 1.01 by 0.78 m; its interior measurements 1.85 m by 0.58 m by 0.61 m. The outer surface is finely polished. The lid, of one piece of granite, was found resting on the sarcophagus which had been pilfered in ancient times and was empty. In the western wall of the Chamber there is cut a cavity 2.50 m by 0.50 m and in the floor at its south-east corner is a square hole 55 cm by 55 cm by 50 cm deep.

G8180.THE MASTABA OF IMBY
This Mastaba (see p11) is situated at the south-western end of the street running east from the Courtyard of the Uninscribed Rock-cut Tomb (see General Plan). It is partly cut in the native rock and partly built of local stone. Its entrance faces north. The jambs of the doorway are uninscribed; the door was of one leaf. Immediately before the entrance there was found lying on the ground a large slab of local stone. The doorway gives access to a short passage running from west to east, which leads to another passage at right angles to the first one; this second passage measures
10.00 m by 1.05 m.
Both passages are partly cut in the rock and partly built of local stone. The long passage was roofed with large slabs of limestone, each measuring about 1.25 m by 0.60 m by 0.20 m; nine of these roofing-slabs are still in place.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No 109, 5.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side. There is a rectangular cutting in the floor of the chamber for the reception of the dead body.
Shaft No. 110, 5.40 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side.

G8181. THE MASTABA OF WESER
This Mastaba (see p12) is situated to the east of that of Imby and west of that of Fifi.
Its facade faces north, is built of large blocks of local limestone, and is plain (PI. LVIII), exceptfor its lintel which is inscribed. The entrance doorway is not symmetrically placed in the centre of the facade but is nearer to the western side than to the eastern. The lintel is composed of two large blocks of limestone, measuring respectively 1.77 m by 0.42 m and 65 cm by 40 cm, and is badly weathered.
Beyond the doorway is a narrow chamber, 6.15 m long by 0.90 m broad. On its western wall, at a distance of 97 cms. from the entrance, is an uninscribed False-door of a single slab of Turah limestone. Beyond the doorway is a narrow chamber, 6.15 m long by 0.90 m broad. On its western wall, at a distance of 97 cm from the entrance, is an uninscribed False-door of a single slab of Turah limestone. Further on, at a distance of 1.20 m is another False-door carved in the wall; its upper part has been broken off and is missing. Beyond this again, at a distance of 1.50 m is a niche, 84 cm by 46 cm by 1.90 m, cut in the rock. In front of this niche is a rectangular platform also cut in the native rock (2.00 m by 0.60 m by 0.45 m), extending to the southern wall of the chamber. In the eastern wall there are two niches; a shaft is cut in the floor of the first; the second is opposite the niche in the western wall.
SHAFTS.  There are two Shafts in the Mastaba.
The first, behind the first False-door, is 220 m deep with an unfinished chamber at the bottom on the west side.
The second Shaft, behind the second False-door, is 5.20 ms deep, with a Sarcophagus Chamber below on the west side. This chamber is roughly cut and unfinished.

G8182. THE MASTABA OF FIFI, called PTAHSEZEFA
This Mastaba (see p13) is situated to the left of that of Weser and in the same street. The area to the east of it has not yet been cleared; therefore the street, which runs eastwards from the court of
the large Rock-cut Mastaba, at present stops here.
The Mastaba measures 11.8o m by 8.30 m. It is partly cut in the native rock and partly built of slabs of local limestone. The entrance is to the north and the facade is bounded by projections on both sides of the jambs. The entrance to the chamber was found blocked by a wall of stone built in later times, possibly to protect an intrusive burial. The doorway gives access to a long, narrow, roofed chamber, 9.30 m long by 1.15 m wide. The roof consisted of eleven limestone slabs; nine remain in place, two have fallen. In the right-hand wall, at a distance of 2.85 ms. from the.entrance, is a small uninscribed false-door composed of two slabs of white limestone raised 90 cm
above the floor. Near the end of the right-hand wall is a second false-door. This is of Turah limestone. Its outer lintel and jambs are uninscribed.
The Shaft of Fefi  measures 1.45 m by 1.50 ms. at the top and it is sunk in
the rock to the west of the chamber. It goes down 5-58 m through the native rock and leads to the Sarcophagus chamber, which is cut on the southern side of the shaft and is rectangular in shape; it contains the sarcophagus of fine white Turah limestone. The lid was found lying on its side to the right of the sarcophagus buried beneath a heap of stones. The Sarcophagus had been plundered in ancient times.
The sides and ends of the sarcophagus are elaborately sculptured to represent the four sides of a rectangular palace. Such decoration is not unusual for sarcophagi of the Old Kingdom, but here there is shown an additional detail; the hoops and cords binding the mats that were stretched between the wooden pilasters are represented.

G8183. THE MASTABA OF IY
This Mastaba (see p14) is situated to the south of the Mastabas of Fefi and Weser, and east of that of Imby. It is composed of two chambers built of local limestone blocks, with its facade facing south.
The door was composed of one leaf and opened inwards; the socket is still intact. This door gives access to a narrow chamber, in the western wall of which is a small uninscribed False-door.
Beyond this is an opening in the western wall that gives access to a long narrow chamber; the lintel and jambs of the doorway are not inscribed. This second chamber measures 6.40 m by
0.95 m by 2.60 m high, and it has two False-doors on its western wall. The first, or northern one, measures 1.75 m by 0.70 m and is not inscribed. The second is larger with an outer lintel and panel of white limestone; the jambs and drum are of local stone.
Shaft. This is situated immediately to the north of the Serdab and is 5.40 m deep with a small sarcophagus chamber at bottom cut in the southern side.

 

G8120. THE MASTABA OF MERUKA
THE Mastaba of Meruka (see p1) is built against the northern end of the eastern wall of the Tomb of Rer-wer; its northern limit is hidden below the brick Girdle-wall of the Sphinx. The facade, built of local limestone, faces east.
The entrance to the p1Mortuary Chapel is a narrow passage 0.65 m. wide.p2
The Chapel is a rectangular chamber constructed of white limestone slabs on a foundation of native rock and measures 4.20 m in length by 1.55 m broad, and 2.85 m high.
It was roofed with large slabs of white limestone, each slab measuring 0.80 m by 0.25 m by 1.70 m; only two slabs still remain in situ. The walls of this Chapel are mostly destroyed, but at the southern end of the western one is a False-door of two slabs of stone without inscriptions. On the facade, at a distance of 4.75 m from the entrance, on its right-hand side, is another False-door, without inscriptions.
The Shaft of the Mastaba (see p2) is to the north of the Chapel; it is 7.50 ms. deep, with a sarcophagus chamber at bottom on the south side. This chamber measures 4.20 m by 2.65 m, and in its floor is cut a rectangular recess which served as the sarcophagus; over the recess was a large slab of limestone which served as a lid.

G8130. THE MASTABA OF ZEFA-NESUT
This Mastaba (see p3) is situated between the Tomb of Re’-Wer and the Mastaba of Kamnefert, and is approached from the south by means of six descending steps cut in the native rock, which lead to a small opening (65 cm by 90 cm), giving access to a long narrow passage (9.00 m by 0.85 m) with doorway to the Mastaba.p3 The Mastaba itself is partly cut in the rock and partly built of local stone. On its facade were two false-door recesses. The doorway is i.8o m high by 0.75 m wide; the door was of one leaf opening inwards with socket on eastern side.
The roofed passage to which the doorway gives access has three windows; one opens to the south, the second to the north, and the third, which is the largest of the three, opens to the east.
In the middle of the facade is the doorway to the Mortuary Chapel; this is cut in the native rock and measures 2.15 m high by 0.70 m wide. The Chapel is rectangular in plan, measures 6.10 m by 2.18 m and its roof was supported by two pillars square in section. In the northern wall is a large niche (1.15 m by 1.67 m by 0.50 m).
SHAFTS. There are two shafts cut in the rock floor of the Mortuary Chamber.
No. 1. On the southern side of the Chamber; 3.90 m deep, with two sarcophagus chambers at the bottom on the south side.
No. 2. On the northern side of the Chamber; 3.80 ms. deep, with burial chamber at the bottom on the west side.

G8131.  THE MASTABA OF THE INSTRUCTOR OF THE ROYAL SINGERS, RE’-WER
This Mastaba (see p4) is built onp4 to the south-eastern corner of the Mastaba of Zefa-nesut and measures 3-45 ms. by 2-25 ms.
On its facade, which faces east, are three False-doors.
Fals-door No 1 is composed of a single slab of local limestone, the upper part of which has weathered away. It now measures 1.20 m by 0.68 m.
Fals-door No 2 is composed of a single slab of local limestone broken near the middle into two parts; it measures 1.73 m by 0.66 m.
Fals-door No. 3 is composed of local limestone, measuring 1.05 m by 1.60 m.
There are two Shafts in the Mastaba.
Shaft No. 140  is 2.20 m deep, with a rectangular sarcophagus at bottom on the west side.
Shaft No. 141 is 2*50 m deep, with a large rectangular sarcophagus chamber at bottom on west side.

G8132. THE MASTABA OF NEFER-WENT
The Mastaba of Nefer-went is situated to the west of the Serdabs No 10 and No 11 of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and to the north of the path leading to the Serdab No. 13 (S13). On the eastern face of the Mastaba, at a distance of 1.54 ms. from its southern end, isp5 a small recess with a small table for offerings in front of it; both recess and offering-table are much weathered. On the same wall, at a distance of 3.20 m from the recess is another, measuring 1.30 m by 0.72 m.; lying in front of it was found a False-door bearing the name of Nefer-went. This False-door measures 88 cm. by 48 cm by 13 cm and is cut out of a single block of white limestone.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No. 91, 2.80 ms. deep, with an unfinished chamber cut at the bottom at the west side. Plundered in ancient times.
Shaft No. 92, 5.50 ms. deep, with a sarcophagus chamber 3.20 m by 2.00 m, cut at the bottom on the south side. In the floor is sunk a rectangular recess.

G8133. MASTABA OF MERSU-‘ANKH
THE Mastaba of Mersu-‘ankh is built on a slope of the native rock in the north-west corner of the path leading to Serdab No 13 of Re’-wer (see p15). It measures on the outside
5.45 m by 3.45 m by 2.35 m.
The Chapel is a narrow chamber (3.60 m by 0.68 m by 2.05 m) with entrance (1.45 m by 0.58 m by 0.45 m) to the south. The lintel and jambs are of local yellowish limestone. The threshold, elevated about 45 cm above the floor of the pathway, is composed of two slabs of local stone. The right and left walls of the Chapel are built of six courses of local stone. The floor is cut in the native rock.
SHAFTS.
No 144, measuring 1.00 m by 1.00 m by 3.60 m in depth. The burial chamber is to the west and measures 1.50 m by 1.10 m.
No 145, measuring 1.00 m by 1.00 m by 7.40 m in depth. The burial chamber, cut in the rock directly under Serdab No 13 of Re’-wer, is 1.50 m by 1.50 m. The burial chamber is to the west and its floor is sunk 60 cm below the bottom of the shaft.

G8140. THE MASTABA OF SHAFT No 35
The Mastaba of the shaft No 35 (see p6) is built of coarse local limestone and measures 24.00 m by 12.75 m. It western side abuts on to Serdab No 14 of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and its southern end on to the Brick Chamber with Alabaster Panel of the same tomb.
In the eastern facade of the Mastaba was a large uninscribed False-door.
There is no Mortuary Chapel to this Mastaba.
SHAFTS,
Shaft No 35 (see p7) is 13.60 m deep, with a rectangular sarcophagus at bottom
on the south side; this chamber is filled with water.
Shaft No 36. The opening to this Shaft is 1.30 m square and it is 2.10 m deep; it is unfinished and there is no sarcophagus chamber.

G8150. THE MASTABA OF AKHET-HETEP
THIS Mastaba is situated to the south of the tomb of Rer-werp7 and east of the rock-cut mastaba (see p7). It is partly excavated in the living rock and its upper part is completed by several courses of local stone blocks. The doorway giving access to the chapel faces to the east (dimensions 2.26 m high by 0.78 m wide). Above the entrance, between the jambs, is a large drum bearing the inscription: ‘He who is concerned with the King’s Affairs, the Scribe of the Granary and the Treasury, Akhethetep’.
The Chapel is composed of two parts marked ‘A’ and ‘B’ on the plan.
‘A’ measures 3.13 m by 1.40 m and its roof consists of six slabs of white limestone whose breadth varies from 60 to 90 cm. These slabs are supported on the east by the outer wall of the mastabas and on the west by an architrave supported by a single column, square in section; both architrave and column are cut out of the native rock. In the eastern wall, high up, have been cut two small rectangular apertures which serve as windows. Cut in the right wall is a doorway giving access to the sarcophagus chamber of Akhet-hetep’s wife Nekauhathor; it is situated immediately behind false-door which is built in the facade of the mastaba.
‘B’. This part of the chamber is entirely cut out of the native rock and measures 1.18 m to 2.20 m in depth, 7.13 m in width, and 2.15 m in height; its floor is on a slightly higher level than the floor of ‘A’. The outer, right- and left-hand walls are uninscribed, but on the inner wall are three false-doors and a palace-facade sculptured in relief.
SHAFTS.
Shaft 1. In front of the door of the burial chamber of Nekauhathor is a shallow shaft measuring 1.10 m by 1.10 m with sarcophagus recess below.
Shaft 2. In the floor of the Mortuary chapel near the first and second False-doors is a shaft measuring 1.25 m by 1.25 m and 5.60 m deep. Contents: The sarcophagus recess at the bottom was filled with water.

G8160. THE MASTABA OF THE OVERSEER OF THE KA-SERVANTS, DEDA
The Rock-cut Mastaba  of Deda (see p8) is situated to the north-east of the Mastaba of Akhet-hetep, near the south-eastern corner of the Tomb of Rer-wer. It is rectangular in plan, measuring 4.20 m by 2.00 m, and is below the level of the neighbouring Mastabas. It is approached from the south by means of descending steps cut in the rock which lead to a small court 2.75 m by 1.65 m, in the western side of which is the entrance to the Mortuary Chamber of the Mastaba.
Above the lintel of the doorway there are two courses of local limestone blocks; the lintel itself and the drum below it is cut out of the native rock. The Mortuary Chamber measures 4.30 m by 1.95 m and is 2.05 m high.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No. 117, 3.45 m deep, unfinished.
Shaft No. 60, 6.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on west side.
Shaft No. 80, 9.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side.

G8170. THE UNINSCRIBED ROCK-CUT MASTABA
This Mastaba (see p9) is situated to the south of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and west of the Mastabas of Akhet-hetep and Imby (see General Plan); it is probably older than the Tomb of Ref-wer, for there is a window to his Serdab 23 opening on to its Forecourt. In front of the fafade (see p9) a spacious rectangular Courtyard measuring 40 m by 5.60 m, which occupies the whole length of the Mastaba; the eastern and southern walls are built of crude brick, the lower courses of which alone remain; the northern wall is the southern wall of Ref-wer’s Serdab 23; the western wall is the rock-cut fafade of the Mastaba. The eastern and southern walls are of recessed brick-work; between every three ‘single’ recesses or niches is a ‘double’ recess or niche; altogether there are 43 single and 13 double niches. In the eastern wall, near its centre, is an opening or doorway leading to the Street of the Priests, and at the southern end of the same wall is a doorway giving access to a short passage which opens on to a small brick chamber.
The outer face of the rock in which the Mastaba is cut was cased with large slabs of Turah limestone. The thickness of this casing at the floor level is about 1.8o m, but the thickness gradually decreases in the upper courses; the lowest course of casing slabs is fitted into a space, 0.25 m deep, sunk in the floor of the Courtyard. A few slabs of this casing still remain in situ.
In front of the entrance to the Mortuary Chapel, at a distance of about 2.47 m from its fasade wall, is a ‘curtain wall’, partly cut in the rock and partly built of brick, 0.85 m high by 230 m long.
The Mortuary Chapel. The doorway giving access to the Mortuary Chapel is 3.60 m in height by 0.90 m wide; the outer jambs and passage-way were cased with Turah limestone. The Chapel, entirely cut in the native rock, measures 8.38 m by 3.45 m. On the eastern wall, on both sides of the entrance, are built screen walls of limestone blocks. The floor of the centre part of the Chapel is paved with large slabs of limestone, each slab being about 20 cm thick. p10
On the left side of the entrance a rectangular basin of fine Turah limestone, 54 cm by 32 cm by 33 cm, has been let into a hole sunk in the floor. To the west of this basin are two circular depressions, each 60 cm in diameter, sunk in the floor. In the northern wall of the Chapel is cut a descending passage, measuring 1.20 m by 1.35 m, by 5.00  m deep; the end of this passage has been left rough. In the western wall, at about 1.00 m from the floor level, a False-door (80 cm by 25 cm) has been cut in the rock.
On the right-hand side of the western wall is a rectangular opening (height 1.25 m, width 1.15 m) giving access to a descending passage leading to the Sarcophagus Chamber. In this passage was a large block of compact limestone that had been used to close the Sarcophagus Chamber. The Chamber itself is rectangular, and measures 5.25 m by 2.75 m.  By the western wall is a sarcophagus of red granite, without inscriptions. Its exterior measurements are 2.21 m by 1.01 by 0.78 m; its interior measurements 1.85 m by 0.58 m by 0.61 m. The outer surface is finely polished. The lid, of one piece of granite, was found resting on the sarcophagus which had been pilfered in ancient times and was empty. In the western wall of the Chamber there is cut a cavity 2.50 m by 0.50 m and in the floor at its south-east corner is a square hole 55 cm by 55 cm by 50 cm deep.

G8180.THE MASTABA OF IMBY
This Mastaba (see p11) is situated at the south-western end of the street running east from the Courtyard of the Uninscribed Rock-cut Tomb (see General Plan). It is partly cut in the native rock and partly built of local stone. Its entrance faces north. The jambs of the doorway are uninscribed; the door was of one leaf. Immediately before the entrance there was found lying on the ground a large slab of local stone. The doorway gives access to a short passage running from west to east, which leads to another passage at right angles to the first one; this second passage measures
10.00 m by 1.05 m.
Both passages are partly cut in the rock and partly built of local stone. The long passage was roofed with large slabs of limestone, each measuring about 1.25 m by 0.60 m by 0.20 m; nine of these roofing-slabs are still in place.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No 109, 5.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side. There is a rectangular cutting in the floor of the chamber for the reception of the dead body.
Shaft No. 110, 5.40 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side.

G8181. THE MASTABA OF WESER
This Mastaba (see p12) is situated to the east of that of Imby and west of that of Fifi.
Its facade faces north, is built of large blocks of local limestone, and is plain (PI. LVIII), exceptfor its lintel which is inscribed. The entrance doorway is not symmetrically placed in the centre of the facade but is nearer to the western side than to the eastern. The lintel is composed of two large blocks of limestone, measuring respectively 1.77 m by 0.42 m and 65 cm by 40 cm, and is badly weathered.
Beyond the doorway is a narrow chamber, 6.15 m long by 0.90 m broad. On its western wall, at a distance of 97 cms. from the entrance, is an uninscribed False-door of a single slab of Turah limestone. Beyond the doorway is a narrow chamber, 6.15 m long by 0.90 m broad. On its western wall, at a distance of 97 cm from the entrance, is an uninscribed False-door of a single slab of Turah limestone. Further on, at a distance of 1.20 m is another False-door carved in the wall; its upper part has been broken off and is missing. Beyond this again, at a distance of 1.50 m is a niche, 84 cm by 46 cm by 1.90 m, cut in the rock. In front of this niche is a rectangular platform also cut in the native rock (2.00 m by 0.60 m by 0.45 m), extending to the southern wall of the chamber. In the eastern wall there are two niches; a shaft is cut in the floor of the first; the second is opposite the niche in the western wall.
SHAFTS.  There are two Shafts in the Mastaba.
The first, behind the first False-door, is 220 m deep with an unfinished chamber at the bottom on the west side.
The second Shaft, behind the second False-door, is 5.20 ms deep, with a Sarcophagus Chamber below on the west side. This chamber is roughly cut and unfinished.

G8182. THE MASTABA OF FIFI, called PTAHSEZEFA
This Mastaba (see p13) is situated to the left of that of Weser and in the same street. The area to the east of it has not yet been cleared; therefore the street, which runs eastwards from the court of
the large Rock-cut Mastaba, at present stops here.
The Mastaba measures 11.8o m by 8.30 m. It is partly cut in the native rock and partly built of slabs of local limestone. The entrance is to the north and the facade is bounded by projections on both sides of the jambs. The entrance to the chamber was found blocked by a wall of stone built in later times, possibly to protect an intrusive burial. The doorway gives access to a long, narrow, roofed chamber, 9.30 m long by 1.15 m wide. The roof consisted of eleven limestone slabs; nine remain in place, two have fallen. In the right-hand wall, at a distance of 2.85 ms. from the.entrance, is a small uninscribed false-door composed of two slabs of white limestone raised 90 cm
above the floor. Near the end of the right-hand wall is a second false-door. This is of Turah limestone. Its outer lintel and jambs are uninscribed.
The Shaft of Fefi  measures 1.45 m by 1.50 ms. at the top and it is sunk in
the rock to the west of the chamber. It goes down 5-58 m through the native rock and leads to the Sarcophagus chamber, which is cut on the southern side of the shaft and is rectangular in shape; it contains the sarcophagus of fine white Turah limestone. The lid was found lying on its side to the right of the sarcophagus buried beneath a heap of stones. The Sarcophagus had been plundered in ancient times.
The sides and ends of the sarcophagus are elaborately sculptured to represent the four sides of a rectangular palace. Such decoration is not unusual for sarcophagi of the Old Kingdom, but here there is shown an additional detail; the hoops and cords binding the mats that were stretched between the wooden pilasters are represented.

G8183. THE MASTABA OF IY
This Mastaba (see p14) is situated to the south of the Mastabas of Fefi and Weser, and east of that of Imby. It is composed of two chambers built of local limestone blocks, with its facade facing south.
The door was composed of one leaf and opened inwards; the socket is still intact. This door gives access to a narrow chamber, in the western wall of which is a small uninscribed False-door.
Beyond this is an opening in the western wall that gives access to a long narrow chamber; the lintel and jambs of the doorway are not inscribed. This second chamber measures 6.40 m by
0.95 m by 2.60 m high, and it has two False-doors on its western wall. The first, or northern one, measures 1.75 m by 0.70 m and is not inscribed. The second is larger with an outer lintel and panel of white limestone; the jambs and drum are of local stone.
Shaft. This is situated immediately to the north of the Serdab and is 5.40 m deep with a small sarcophagus chamber at bottom cut in the southern side.