G8120. THE MASTABA OF MERUKA
THE Mastaba of Meruka (see p1) is built against the northern end of the eastern wall of the Tomb of Rer-wer; its northern limit is hidden below the brick Girdle-wall of the Sphinx. The facade, built of local limestone, faces east.
The entrance to the p1Mortuary Chapel is a narrow passage 0.65 m. wide.p2
The Chapel is a rectangular chamber constructed of white limestone slabs on a foundation of native rock and measures 4.20 m in length by 1.55 m broad, and 2.85 m high.
It was roofed with large slabs of white limestone, each slab measuring 0.80 m by 0.25 m by 1.70 m; only two slabs still
remain in situ. The walls of this Chapel are mostly destroyed, but at the southern end of the western one is a False-door of two slabs of stone without inscriptions. On the facade, at a distance of 4.75 m from the entrance, on its right-hand side, is another False-door, without inscriptions.
The Shaft of the Mastaba (see p2) is to the north of the Chapel; it is 7.50 ms. deep, with a sarcophagus chamber at bottom on the south side. This chamber measures 4.20 m by 2.65 m, and in its floor is cut a rectangular recess which served as the sarcophagus; over the recess was a large slab of limestone which served as a lid.

G8130. THE MASTABA OF ZEFA-NESUT
This Mastaba (see p3) is situated between the Tomb of Re’-Wer and the Mastaba of Kamnefert, and is approached from the south by means of six descending steps cut in the native rock, which lead to a small opening (65 cm by 90 cm), giving access to a long narrow passage (9.00 m by 0.85 m) with doorway to the Mastaba.p3 The Mastaba itself is partly cut in the rock and partly built of local stone. On its facade were two false-door recesses. The doorway is i.8o m high by 0.75 m wide; the door was of one leaf opening inwards with socket on eastern side.
The roofed passage to which the doorway gives access has three windows; one opens to the south, the second to the north, and the third, which is the largest of the three, opens to the east.
In the middle of the facade is the doorway to the Mortuary Chapel; this is cut in the native rock and measures 2.15 m high by 0.70 m wide. The Chapel is rectangular in plan, measures 6.10 m by 2.18 m and its roof was supported by two pillars square in section. In the northern wall is a large niche (1.15 m by 1.67 m by 0.50 m).
SHAFTS. There are two shafts cut in the rock floor of the Mortuary Chamber.
No. 1. On the southern side of the Chamber; 3.90 m deep, with two sarcophagus chambers at the bottom on the south side.
No. 2. On the northern side of the Chamber; 3.80 ms. deep, with burial chamber at the bottom on the west side.

G8131.  THE MASTABA OF THE INSTRUCTOR OF THE ROYAL SINGERS, RE’-WER
This Mastaba (see p4) is built onp4 to the south-eastern corner of the Mastaba of Zefa-nesut and measures 3-45 ms. by 2-25 ms.
On its facade, which faces east, are three False-doors.
Fals-door No 1 is composed of a single slab of local limestone, the upper part of which has weathered away. It now measures 1.20 m by 0.68 m.

Fals-door No 2 is composed of a single slab of local limestone broken near the middle into two parts; it measures 1.73 m by 0.66 m.
Fals-door No. 3 is composed of local limestone, measuring 1.05 m by 1.60 m.
There are two Shafts in the Mastaba.
Shaft No. 140  is 2.20 m deep, with a rectangular sarcophagus at bottom on the west side.
Shaft No. 141 is 2*50 m deep, with a large rectangular sarcophagus chamber at bottom on west side.

G8132. THE MASTABA OF NEFER-WENT
The Mastaba of Nefer-went is situated to the west of the Serdabs No 10 and No 11 of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and to the north of the path leading to the Serdab No. 13 (S13). On the eastern face of the Mastaba, at a distance of 1.54 ms. from its southern end, isp5 a small recess with a small table for offerings in front of it; both recess and offering-table are much weathered. On the same wall, at a distance of 3.20 m from the recess is another, measuring 1.30 m by 0.72 m.; lying in front of it was found a False-door bearing the name of Nefer-went. This False-door measures 88 cm. by 48 cm by 13 cm and is cut out of a single block of white limestone.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No. 91, 2.80 ms. deep, with an unfinished chamber cut at the bottom at the west side. Plundered in ancient times.
Shaft No. 92, 5.50 ms. deep, with a sarcophagus chamber 3.20 m by 2.00 m, cut at the bottom on the south side. In the floor is sunk a rectangular recess.

G8133. MASTABA OF MERSU-‘ANKH
THE Mastaba of Mersu-‘ankh is built on a slope of the native rock in the north-west corner of the path leading to Serdab No 13 of Re’-wer (see p15). It measures on the outside
5.45 m by 3.45 m by 2.35 m.
The Chapel is a narrow chamber (3.60 m by 0.68 m by 2.05 m) with entrance (1.45 m by 0.58 m by 0.45 m) to the south. The lintel and jambs are of local yellowish limestone. The threshold, elevated about 45 cm above the floor of the pathway, is composed of two slabs of local stone. The right and left walls of the Chapel are built of six courses of local stone. The floor is cut in the native rock.
SHAFTS.
No 144, measuring 1.00 m by 1.00 m by 3.60 m in depth. The burial chamber is to the west and measures 1.50 m by 1.10 m.
No 145, measuring 1.00 m by 1.00 m by 7.40 m in depth. The burial chamber, cut in the rock directly under Serdab No 13 of Re’-wer, is 1.50 m by 1.50 m. The burial chamber is to the west and its floor is sunk 60 cm below the bottom of the shaft.

G8140. THE MASTABA OF SHAFT No 35
The Mastaba of the shaft No 35 (see p6) is built of coarse local limestone and measures 24.00 m by 12.75 m. It western side abuts on to Serdab No 14 of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and its southern end on to the Brick Chamber with Alabaster Panel of the same tomb.
In the eastern facade of the Mastaba was a large uninscribed False-door.

There is no Mortuary Chapel to this Mastaba.
SHAFTS,
Shaft No 35 (see p7) is 13.60 m deep, with a rectangular sarcophagus at bottom

on the south side; this chamber is filled with water.
Shaft No 36. The opening to this Shaft is 1.30 m square and it is 2.10 m deep; it is unfinished and there is no sarcophagus chamber.

G8150. THE MASTABA OF AKHET-HETEP
THIS Mastaba is situated to the south of the tomb of Rer-werp7 and east of the rock-cut mastaba (see p7). It is partly excavated in the living rock and its upper part is completed by several courses of local stone blocks. The doorway giving access to the chapel faces to the east (dimensions 2.26 m high by 0.78 m wide). Above the entrance, between the jambs, is a large drum bearing the inscription: ‘He who is concerned with the King’s Affairs, the Scribe of the Granary and the Treasury, Akhethetep’.
The Chapel is composed of two parts marked ‘A’ and ‘B’ on the plan.
‘A’ measures
3.13 m by 1.40 m and its roof consists of six slabs of white limestone whose breadth varies from 60 to 90 cm. These slabs are supported on the east by the outer wall of the mastabas and on the west by an architrave supported by a single column, square in section; both architrave and column are cut out of the native rock. In the eastern wall, high up, have been cut two small rectangular apertures which serve as windows. Cut in the right wall is a doorway giving access to the sarcophagus chamber of Akhet-hetep’s wife Nekauhathor; it is situated immediately behind false-door which is built in the facade of the mastaba.
B’. This part of the chamber is entirely cut out of the native rock and measures 1.18 m to 2.20 m in depth, 7.13 m in width, and 2.15 m in height; its floor is on a slightly higher level than the floor of ‘A’. The outer, right- and left-hand walls are uninscribed, but on the inner wall are three false-doors and a palace-facade sculptured in relief.
SHAFTS.
Shaft 1. In front of the door of the burial chamber of Nekauhathor is a shallow shaft measuring 1.10 m by 1.10 m with sarcophagus recess below.
Shaft 2. In the floor of the Mortuary chapel near the first and second False-doors is a shaft measuring 1.25 m by 1.25 m and 5.60 m deep. Contents: The sarcophagus recess at the bottom was filled with water.

G8160. THE MASTABA OF THE OVERSEER OF THE KA-SERVANTS, DEDA
The Rock-cut Mastaba  of Deda (see p8) is situated to the north-east of the Mastaba of Akhet-hetep, near the south-eastern corner of the Tomb of Rer-wer. It is rectangular in plan, measuring 4.20 m by 2.00 m, and is below the level of the neighbouring Mastabas. It is approached from the south by means of descending steps cut in the rock which lead to a small court 2.75 m by 1.65 m, in the western side of which is the entrance to the Mortuary Chamber of the Mastaba.
Above the lintel of the doorway there are two courses of local limestone blocks; the lintel itself and the drum below it is cut out of the native rock. The Mortuary Chamber measures 4.30 m by 1.95 m and is 2.05 m high.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No. 117, 3.45 m deep, unfinished.

Shaft No. 60, 6.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on west side.
Shaft No. 80, 9.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side.

G8170. THE UNINSCRIBED ROCK-CUT MASTABA
This Mastaba (see p9) is situated to the south of the Tomb of Rer-wer, and west of the Mastabas of Akhet-hetep and Imby (see General Plan); it is probably older than the Tomb of Ref-wer, for there is a window to his Serdab 23 opening on to its Forecourt. In front of the fafade (see p9) a spacious rectangular Courtyard measuring 40 m by 5.60 m, which occupies the whole length of the Mastaba; the eastern and southern walls are built of crude brick, the lower courses of which alone remain; the northern wall is the southern wall of Ref-wer’s Serdab 23; the western wall is the rock-cut fafade of the Mastaba. The eastern and southern walls are of recessed brick-work; between every three ‘single’ recesses or niches is a ‘double’ recess or niche; altogether there are 43 single and 13 double niches. In the eastern wall, near its centre, is an opening or doorway leading to the Street of the Priests, and at the southern end of the same wall is a doorway giving access to a short passage which opens on to a small brick chamber.
The outer face of the rock in which the Mastaba is cut was cased with large slabs of Turah limestone. The thickness of this casing at the floor level is about 1.8o m, but the thickness gradually decreases in the upper courses; the lowest course of casing slabs is fitted into a space, 0.25 m deep, sunk in the floor of the Courtyard. A few slabs of this casing still remain in situ.
In
front of the entrance to the Mortuary Chapel, at a distance of about 2.47 m from its fasade wall, is a ‘curtain wall’, partly cut in the rock and partly built of brick, 0.85 m high by 230 m long.
The Mortuary Chapel. The doorway giving access to the Mortuary Chapel is 3.60 m in height by 0.90 m wide; the outer jambs and passage-way were cased with Turah limestone. The Chapel, entirely cut in the native rock, measures 8.38 m by 3.45 m. On the eastern wall, on both sides of the entrance, are built screen walls of limestone blocks. The floor of the centre part of the Chapel is paved with large slabs of limestone, each slab being about 20 cm thick. p10
On the
left side of the entrance a rectangular basin of fine Turah limestone, 54 cm by 32 cm by 33 cm, has been let into a hole sunk in the floor. To the west of this basin are two circular depressions, each 60 cm in diameter, sunk in the floor. In the northern wall of the Chapel is cut a descending passage, measuring 1.20 m by 1.35 m, by 5.00  m deep; the end of this passage has been left rough. In the western wall, at about 1.00 m from the floor level, a False-door (80 cm by 25 cm) has been cut in the rock.
On the right-hand side of the western wall is a rectangular opening (height 1.25 m, width
1.15 m) giving access to a descending passage leading to the Sarcophagus Chamber. In this passage was a large block of compact limestone that had been used to close the Sarcophagus Chamber. The Chamber itself is rectangular, and measures 5.25 m by 2.75 m.  By the western wall is a sarcophagus of red granite, without inscriptions. Its exterior measurements are 2.21 m by 1.01 by 0.78 m; its interior measurements 1.85 m by 0.58 m by 0.61 m. The outer surface is finely polished. The lid, of one piece of granite, was found resting on the sarcophagus which had been pilfered in ancient times and was empty. In the western wall of the Chamber there is cut a cavity 2.50 m by 0.50 m and in the floor at its south-east corner is a square hole 55 cm by 55 cm by 50 cm deep.

G8180.THE MASTABA OF IMBY
This Mastaba (see p11) is situated at the south-western end of the street running east from the Courtyard of the Uninscribed Rock-cut Tomb (see General Plan). It is partly cut in the native rock and partly built of local stone. Its entrance faces north. The jambs of the doorway are uninscribed; the door was of one leaf. Immediately before the entrance there was found lying on the ground a large slab of local stone. The doorway gives access to a short passage running from west to east, which leads to another passage at right angles to the first one; this second passage measures
10.00 m by 1.05 m.
Both passages are partly cut in the rock and partly built of local stone. The long passage was roofed with large slabs of limestone, each measuring about 1.25 m by 0.60 m by 0.20 m; nine of these roofing-slabs are still in place.
SHAFTS.
Shaft No 109, 5.00 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side. There is a rectangular cutting in the floor of the chamber for the reception of the dead body.
Shaft No. 110, 5.40 m deep, with Sarcophagus Chamber at bottom on south side.

G8181. THE MASTABA OF WESER
This Mastaba (see p12) is situated to the east of that of Imby and west of that of Fifi.
Its facade faces north, is built of large blocks of local limestone, and is plain (PI. LVIII), exceptfor its lintel which is inscribed. The entrance doorway is not symmetrically placed in the centre of the facade but is nearer to the western side than to the eastern. The lintel is composed of two large blocks of limestone, measuring respectively 1.77 m by 0.42 m and 65 cm by 40 cm, and is badly weathered.
Beyond the doorway is a narrow chamber, 6.15 m long by 0.90 m broad. On its western wall, at a distance of 97 cms. from the entrance, is an uninscribed False-door of a single slab of Turah limestone. Beyond the doorway is a narrow chamber, 6.15 m long by 0.90 m broad. On its western wall, at a distance of 97 cm from the entrance, is an uninscribed False-door of a single slab of Turah limestone. Further on, at a distance of 1.20 m is another False-door carved in the wall; its upper part has been broken off and is missing. Beyond this again, at a distance of 1.50 m is a niche, 84 cm by 46 cm by 1.90 m, cut in the rock. In front of this niche is a rectangular platform also cut in the native rock (2.00 m by 0.60 m by 0.45 m), extending to the southern wall of the chamber. In the eastern wall there are two niches; a shaft is cut in the floor of the first; the second is opposite the niche in the western wall.
SHAFTS.  There are two Shafts in the Mastaba.
The first, behind the first False-door,
is 220 m deep with an unfinished chamber at the bottom on the west side.
The second Shaft, behind the second False-door, is 5.20 ms deep,
with a Sarcophagus Chamber below on the west side. This chamber is roughly cut and unfinished.

G8182. THE MASTABA OF FIFI, called PTAHSEZEFA
This Mastaba (see p13) is situated to the left of that of Weser and in the same street. The area to the east of it has not yet been cleared; therefore the street, which runs eastwards from the court of
the large Rock-cut Mastaba, at present stops here.
The Mastaba measures 11.8o m by 8.30 m. It is partly cut in the native rock and partly built of slabs of local limestone. The entrance is to the north and the facade is bounded by projections on both sides of the jambs. The entrance to the chamber was found blocked by a wall of stone built in later times, possibly to protect an intrusive burial. The doorway gives access to a long, narrow, roofed chamber, 9.30 m long by 1.15 m wide. The roof consisted of eleven limestone slabs; nine remain in place, two have fallen. In the right-hand wall, at a distance of 2.85 ms. from the.entrance, is a small uninscribed false-door composed of two slabs of white limestone raised 90 cm
above the floor. Near the end of the right-hand wall is a second false-door. This is of Turah limestone. Its outer lintel and jambs are uninscribed.
The Shaft of Fefi  measures 1.45 m by 1.50 ms. at the top and it is sunk in

the rock to the west of the chamber. It goes down 5-58 m through the native rock and leads to the Sarcophagus chamber, which is cut on the southern side of the shaft and is rectangular in shape; it contains the sarcophagus of fine white Turah limestone. The lid was found lying on its side to the right of the sarcophagus buried beneath a heap of stones. The Sarcophagus had been plundered in ancient times.
The sides and ends of the sarcophagus are elaborately sculptured to represent the four sides of a rectangular palace. Such decoration is not unusual for sarcophagi of the Old Kingdom, but here there is shown an additional detail; the hoops and cords binding the mats that were stretched between the wooden pilasters are represented.

G8183. THE MASTABA OF IY
This Mastaba (see p14) is situated to the south of the Mastabas of Fefi and Weser, and east of that of Imby. It is composed of two chambers built of local limestone blocks, with its facade facing south.
The door was composed of one leaf and opened inwards; the socket is still intact. This door gives access to a narrow chamber, in the western wall of which is a small uninscribed False-door.
Beyond this is an opening in the western wall that gives access to a long narrow chamber; the lintel and jambs of the doorway are not inscribed. This second chamber measures 6.40 m by
0.95 m by 2.60 m high, and it has two False-doors on its western wall. The first, or northern one, measures 1.75 m by 0.70 m and is not inscribed. The second is larger with an outer lintel and panel of white limestone; the jambs and drum are of local stone.
Shaft. This is situated immediately to the north of the Serdab and is 5.40 m deep with a small sarcophagus chamber at bottom cut in the southern side.