About 50 m. east of the great mastaba G2000 is the western side of a nucleus cemetery of eleven mastabas, designated G2100. That great mastaba stands on sound, but uneven, nummulitic limestone with the rock on the eastern side much lower than on the west. The space between G2000 and Cem2100 slopes gently upwards to the east and is mainly covered by a weak geological deposit of red gravel mixed with boulders of various sizes. The western line of mastabas in Cem2100 is built on a low ridge east of this space and also shows some patches of bad rock. From this ridge under G2100 and G2110 the rock surface slopes gently down to the east and is mainly of sound rock. This rock also slopes gently to the north. The foundation courses of the cores and the casings are founded on rock and the streets and avenues were packed with limestone debris to the level of the adjacent chapel floor. The finished sloping casings are dressed to the level of the packed floor of the streets.
The nucleus cemetery G2100 consists of eleven core-mastabas of type II a or II b. These cores, eleven in number, were laid out in four N-S lines. The cemetery fell into two groups. The western group of five mastabas were in two N-S lines, two in the western line and three in the eastern line, but not in rows. That is, they were built after the manner of a family cemetery. All the cores were correlated by the use of the portcullis groove in the shafts, the only shafts with portcullis grooves in the necropolis. These cores were constructed before the eastern group and were finished in general before any core of the eastern group. The eastern group consisted of six core-mastabas of type II a laid out in two lines of three cores each, set in three E-W rows of two mastabas each. These six cores were alined with each other and those of the middle row had their southern ends alined with the southern end of the core G 2120, the southern core in the eastern line of the western group. The northern row stood in a similar relation to G 2130. The cores were numbered by me as follows :
Western group, western line : from south to north, G 2100 and G 21 10.
Western group, eastern line: line 2: from south to north, G 2120, G 2130, and G 2210.
Eastern group, western line: line 3 : from south to north, G 2135, G 2140, and G 2150.
Eastern group, eastern line: line 4: from south to north, G 2155, G 2160, and G 2170.
The eastern group gave the cemetery its appearance of a unified plan and was obviously built after the western group.


The cores also were finished, with the exception of G 2135, after the cores in the western group. G 2135 and G 2155 were excavated by Professor Junker and published in Giza I and 11 respectively under the numbers 7 NN (4770) and 8 NN (4870) (tomb of Kaninesuwt). But as the cores belong to Cem. G 2100, not to Cem. G 4000, I have renumbered them G 2135 and G 2155 and described them here with Cem. G 2100.
In spite of the fact that the western group of five cores all had shafts with portcullis grooves and were all built by the same gang of workmen about the same time, the cores were finished as mastabas at different times. I place them in the order of their finishing, as G2100, G2130, G2120, G2110, G2210. The first mastaba of the eastern group to be finished, G2135 (Junker), was finished about the same time as G2210. Thus it may be concluded that the six cores of the eastern group were built before the cores in the western group were finished and probably in continuation of the western cores.
The cores in the eastern group were finished in the order, G 2135 (connected with the western group), G2140, G2150 (after Mycerinus), G 2155 (about the time of Neferirkara). The two cores, G2160 and G2170, were used unfinished and uncased for unimportant persons about the same time as G2150 and G2155. Thus the cores were constructed from west to east and finished as mastabas also from west to east with slight variation in the order of growth.


The building of Cem. G 2100 in two groups, of which only the eastern group of six was laid on a unified plan, created streets and avenues of different widths in two groups. The spaces in the western group were comparatively small and occupied by a few very small mastabas. The spaces in the streets and avenues of the eastern group were larger and filled with complexes of small and medium-sized mastabas. North of G 2150 and G 2170 was built the large mastaba G 2220 (east of G 2210), before the cemetery of the secondary mastabas was begun on this side, and left a wide empty space
between this large mastaba and the eastern group. This space was filled with complexes of mastabas beginning with a mastaba of a ka-priest of G 2150. South of the western group, between it and the northern end of Cem. G 4000, again a wider space was left and occupied mainly with the mastabas of ‘Prince’ Mer-ib and his daughter added in succession to G 2100. West of the western group, the space between it and G 2000 was filled with complexes of small and mediumsized mastabas of Dyn. V and VI close up to the backs of 2110 and 2100. East of the whole cemetery ran the northern ends of the three lines of the Cem. en Echelon built later with its streets filled with secondary mastabas. East of G 2220, north of the Cem. en Echelon, the cemetery of the secondary mastabas extended eastwards to the Senezemib complex, NW of the NW corner of the Cheops Pyramid.G 2100: southern core in western line, probably first in western group: uncased with slab-stela emplacement and
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 34 (shaft), 75 (blocking), 174 (II-ann. Chapel), 238 (section through northern chapel),
See Pls. 27 a-e, 28 a-d, 40 a.
Name: not preserved: by deduction father or mother of ‘Prince’ Mer-ib and a son or daughter of Cheops.

Mastaba: core-mastaba of type II a, uncased; 21.6 x 12.0 m.; area, 259.0 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.8; with empty emplacement for slab-stela towards south end of east face; 0.38 m. high by 0.58 m. long; height of mastaba, 3.0 m.; on nearly level rock: average height of stepped courses, 31.1 cm.; average width of steps, 8.0 cm.; general angle of batter of stepped wall, 77 degrees, 19 minutes; the southern end was later enclosed in the heavy
retaining wall of w-masonry of the mastaba (type VII a) of Mer-ib.
Chapel: traces of an exterior c.b. chapel, apparently of type (I a); only NE corner preserved with whitened mud floor and small bench inside the corner; with slab-stela exposed in c.b. west wall of offering-room; destroyed by denudation and by the construction of intruded small mastaba of c.b.
Shafts in G 2100: the mastaba was originally a one-shaft mastaba, represented by shaft A with lined chamber north of middle of mastaba in medial axis, in which the person of the slab-stela was buried ; later, three small shafts were intruded in the mastaba, D north of A, E askew east of D, and F close to the north end of masonry of
the addition (Mer-ib); shaft F was probably subsidiary to the Mer-ib addition; shafts B and C were in the Mer-ib addition.

Shaft 2100 A: original shaft, north of middle; 2.05 x 2.1 m.; -7.8 m. in rock; lined above with drab masonry, 2.9 m., ten courses; in south end a portcullis slab in south ends of east and west walls, 0.55 m. wide (N-S) x 0.25 m. deep (E-W); portcullis slab in place in grooves; portcullis slab, 2.3 m. wide, 1.9 m. high, and 0.4 m. thick; the upper left-hand corner had been broken off by plunderers to gain access to chamber.
Chamber: type 1 cl, with lining and pavement complete; on south: 3-55 x 3.45 m. and 3.0 m. high; area, 12-24 sq. m.; capacity, 36.72 cu. m.; the measurements of the rock-cut chamber could only be estimated, 4.25 x 4.15 m. and 3.25 m. high; area, 17.63 sq. m.; capacity, 57.29 cu. m.
Passage : horizontal opening in chamber flush with east face of lining, low down in north wall; rock-cut 2.0 x 1.23 m. and 1.23 m. high; continued through the lining with total length of 2.35 m.; step down from floor of passage to pavement of chamber, 0.53 m.
Blocking : interior blocking of white masonry set in plaster, penetrated by plunderers in upper part ; outside, portcullis slab in portcullis grooves (for size see under shaft above) with upper left hand corner broken off by thieves; blocks of interior blocking found in shaft and some in chamber.
Coffin : frags. of white limestone coffin with flat lid (type d); found in debris in lower part of shaft : in the chamber, scattered on the floor, frags. of decayed wood (probably from inner coffin of wood), scattered bones and model vessels.
Canopic pit: in the SE corner; 0.57 x 0.53 m. and 0.55 m. deep ; rebate for lid on north and east sides.
Shaft G 2100 B: chief shaft in 2100-I-annex (Mer-ib); see below.
Shaft G 2100 C: secondary shaft in 2100-I-annex (Mer-ib); see below.
Shaft G 2100 D: north of A and intrusive; 1.0 x 1.0 m.; ends at rock ; lined with small  masonry, 3.5 m.; no chamber, type 7 X; filled with drift sand in which were found frags. of white limestone coffin and seven other objects obviously thrown out from shaft A (see list under shaft A, above).
Shaft G 2100 E: askew east of A ; intrusive, 1.3 x 1.3 m.; -2.9 m. in rock; lined above with grey masonry, 4.8 m., fourteen courses ; no chamber ; type 7 X; completely plundered.
Shaft G 2100 F: in south end of mastaba, just north of north end of G 2100-I-annex; 1.6 x 1.2 m.; ends at rock; lined with small masonry; no chamber; type 7 X; empty.

G 2100-I-annex:
-built around and over the southern end of the core mastaba G 2100.
Excavated: partly by Lepsius (LD. G 24) who removed the chapel now in Berlin; re-excavated by us partly in 1905-6 and partly in 1931-2.


Name : ‘Prince’ Mer-ib.
Mastaba: type VII a (2); heavy retaining wall of w-masonry (grey nummulitic limestone), which covered the top of the mastaba (cf. G 5230); enclosed south end of the core G 2100; 22.0 x 14.0 m. ; area, 308.0 sq. m. ; prop. 1/1.57; height about 5.0 m.
Chapel : type (4 a) interior two-niched of nummulitic limestone, carved with sized technique; 3.85 x 1.56 m. ; area, 6.0 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.46; relation, 1/51.33; fully decorated; see LD. II, Pl. 18-22, LD. III, Pl. 288, Nos. 4,5; L. Textband, pp. 46-49.
Subsidiary North Niche : large niche towards north end of east face of mastaba cut in grey retaining wall of mastaba topped by an architrave of separate block : framed ka-door; height to top of architrave, 4.2m.; width of architrave, 1.84 m.; width of ka-door, 1.34 m.; tablet, cross-bar, and drum; inner niche, 0.18 x 0.16 m.; outer niche, 0.62 x 0.1 m.; outer panels, very shallow, 2 cm. deep.
Shafts in G 2100-I-annex: two shafts in mastaba B on north and C on south; two shaft mastaba; for shafts A, D-F, see G 2100 above.
Shaft G 2100-I-annex B : secondary shaft; 1.8 x 1.8 m.; -10.9 m. in rock ; lined above with masonry, 4.9 m.; eight courses.
Chamber: at 0.9 m. above bottom of shaft; type 3 bf; on south; 4.15 x 3.15 m. and 1.45 m. high; area, 13-07 sq. m.; capacity, 18.95 cu m.
Passage: 1.55 x 1.0 m. and 1.2 m. high.
Blocking: by LD. I, Pl. 22, the passage was blocked with portcullis slab, 1.55 m. high and 0.3 m. thick; blocking probably type I b (I).
Shaft G 2100-I-annex C: chief shaft; 1.8 x 1.95 m.; -16.4 m. in rock; lined above with masonry, 4.1 m.; eleven courses.
Chamber: type 3 br; on south; 3.05 x 2-95 m. and 1.95 m. high; area, 8.99 sq. m.; capacity, 17.52 cu. m.
Passage: 1.45 x 1.0 m. and 1.15 m high; entering at roof-level with step down of 0.8 m.
Blocking: destroyed, but at the top the passage on the shaft side is a rebate of 0.15 m. high and 0.25 m. deep;
Coffin pit : along west side; 2.2 x 0.95 m. and 0.3 m. deep ;
Canopic pit: in SE corner; 0.5 x 0.5 m. and 0.45 m. deep with slab cover.G 2100-11-annex:
-built against the south end of G 2100-I-annex: with exterior stone chapel projecting eastwards.
Excavated : by Junker in 1912; see Junker, Giza II, p. 97.


Name : ‘Princess’ Nensezerka.
Mastaba: type IX a (2); rubble-faced core cased with w-masonry of grey nummulitic limestone; 8.85 x 8.0 m.; area, 70.8 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.11; height, 3.40 m.
Increased in size by addition against the east face containing a chapel of type (8 e) ; measuring outside 9.5 x 3.6 m. with area of 34.2 sq. m.; east of this stands a portico and open court, 6.0 x 5.45 m. with area of 32.7 sq. m.; total area of chapel addition, 66.9 sq. m.
Total area of mastaba and additions, 70.8 + 66.9 = 137.7 sq. m.; height of mastaba, 5.0 m.; height of chapel, 2.83 m.; height of court wall, 2.5 m.
Chapel : exterior stone chapel of type (8 e) consisting of offering-room (a), pillared portico (b), and open court (c).
(a) N-S offering-room with two niches in west wall; 6.6 x 1.35 m.; area, 8-91 sq. m.; prop. 1/4.88; entered from
east by doorway in middle of east wall.
(b) portico with two side walls (north and south), and roof supported on two pillars ; floor area including pillars, 4.65 x 2.1 m. area, 9.76 sq. m. ; approached by a c.b. ramp ascending from floor of court to floor of portico
(h. 0.4 m.); doorway to room (a) in west wall not in axis.
(c) open court enclosed by walls with batter on outside and rounded moulding on top; 3.8 x 2-55 m. ; area including ramp, 8.89 sq. m. ; entered from east by doorway at north end of east wall; the ramp is not in the E-W axis of either portico or court; the doorway from portico to room (a) is in E-W axis of room (a), but not of the portico.
Total floor area of rooms (a) and (b), 18-67 sq. m.
Total floor area of (a), (b), (c), 27.56 sq. m.
Shafts in G 2100-11-annex: two shafts, A on north and B on south, but a little farther to west.
Shaft G 2100-II-annex A: 1.6 x 1.6 m.; -4.48 m. in rock; lined above with rubble plus masonry, 5.12 m.
Chamber: type 4 b (I); on north; 3.4 x 3.0 m. and 2.0 m. high; area, 10.2 sq m.; capacity, 20.4 cu. m.
Passage: 1.0 x 1.3 m. and 1.7 m. high ; step down from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 0.29 m.
Blocking: probably with masonry, type II b (1).
Coffin: limestone coffin with qrst-lid; outside, 2.2 x 0.9 m. and 0.8 m. high ; inside, 1.8 x 0.5 m. and 0.6 (h) m.
Canopic pit: 0.5 x 0.5 m. and 0.5 m. deep.
Shaft G 2100-II-annex B; 1.6 x 1.6 m.; no chamber; type 7 X.G 2110:
-northern core in western line of western group : finished with white casing and exterior white chapel.
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 22 (shaft), 109 (chapel), 205 (north ka-door), 240 (section of mastaba), 241, 242 (east and west walls of chapel).
See Pls. 29-33, 34 a-f.

Name: Nofer.
Mastaba: core of type II a; 21.6 x 12.0 m.; area, 259.0 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.8; h. 4.25 m; average height of stepped courses, 0.33 m.; average width of steps, 8.2 cm.
Cased with fine white x-masonry, dressed to smooth sloping surface; 24.8 x 14.4 m.; area, 357.12 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.72.
Cased mastaba of type IX with two niches in east face ; southern niche enclosed in exterior chapel of type (2 b).
Chapel : exterior chapel of type (2 b) of white limestone, built against the casing around the south niche ; measures outside, 7.0 x 2.8 m. with area of 19.6 sq. m.; contains one room.

Shaft G 2110 A: sole shaft, north of middle; one-shaft mastaba; 2.1 x 2.05 m.; -11.05 m. in rock; lined with drab masonry above, 4-25 m.; thirteen courses; portcullis groove on each side at south end of east and west wall: 0.5 x 0.35 m.; the groove on the east was not cut in the rock.
Chamber: type 4 a (2); on south, 3.45 x 3.8 m. and 2.05 m. high; area, 13.11 sq. m.; capacity, 26.87 cu. m.
Passage: 0.9 x 1.85 m. and 2.05 m. high.
Blocking: type 1 b (1); interior blocking of white blocks set in plaster partly preserved to height of 0.55 m.; portcullis slab, broken, original size 2.25 m. high, 2.3 m. wide, and 0.4 m. thick.
Coffin: white limestone coffin with flat lid type d); broken in frags., partly in shaft and partly in chamber. See Pl. 34 a, b.

G 2120:
-core at southern end of line 2 of the western group : with unfinished white casing and unfinished exterior stone
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 202, 243 (chapel and south ka-door), 244 (shaft).
See Pls. 34 g, 35 a-d, 39 a, 43 d and f.
Name: Seshat-sekhentyuw.

Mastaba: core of type II a; 28.0 x 12.4 m.; area, 347.2 sq. m. ; prop. 1/2.25; average height of stepped courses of drab retaining wall, 0.30 m.; average width of steps, 0.8 cm.; height of mastaba as preserved, 4.55 m.
Casing of white limestone (partly y-masonry) begun but left unfinished ; size of unfinished mastaba of type IX-y; 30.4 x 14.8 area, 449.92 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.05; lower courses of casing traced on south around SW corner and on east behind chapel and northwards ; partly preserved on north end and west ; a monolithic stela was in
place in the west wall of the chapel.

Slab-Stela: of Prince Seshat-sekhentyuw: in fourteen fragments, found in debris in front of the emplacement in G 2120 and north-west and west of that mastaba; fits the emplacement in east face of the core of G 2120; no other emplacement in this cemetery of this large size. All fourteen fragments fit together and the stela is nearly complete: 79.8 x 51.6 cm., th. 9.9 cm.
Shaft G 2120 A: sole shaft; one-shaft mastaba; shaft north of middle; 2.5 x 2.5 m. at top; 2.15 x 2.15 m. at bottom; -7.13 m. in rock; lined above with drab masonry, 4.3 m., fourteen courses; portcullis grooves in masonry but not cut in rock ; on east, 0.6 x 0.25 m.; on west, 0.5 x 0.2 m.
Chamber: type 1 al, lined and paved; on south; lined chamber, 3.1 x 3.6 m. and 2.55 m. high; area, 11.16 sq. m.; capacity, 28.45 cu. m. ;rock chamber, 4.15 x 4.65 m. and 2-88 m. high; area, 19.29 sq. m.; capacity, 55.55 cu. m.
Passage: in rock, 2.10 x 1.17 m. and 1.2 m. high; lengthened by opening in lining to 2.55 m.; floor of passage on level with pavement step down from floor of passage to rock, 0.26 m.
Blocking: remains of interior masonry set in plaster; outside, portcullis slab, 1.55 m. wide, 1.65 m. high, and 0.3 m. thick.
Coffin : frags. of white limestone coffin with flat lid (type d) with rebate around lid on underside along the edge ; found in frags. partly in chamber and partly in shaft.
Canopic pit: in SE corner: 0.65 x 0.5 m. and 0.68 m. deep (0.35 m. in rock).
Lining and pavement : lining preserved to about half of its height except around SW corner of chamber ; pavement not preserved; red construction lines on walls and ceiling.

G 2130:
-in western group, second core in eastern line between G 2120 and G 2210.
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 19 (shaft), 112 (chapel), 196 (N ka-door), 247 (section of mastaba).
See Pls. 35 e-f, 36 a-f, 39 a.
Name: Khent-ka (?).

Mastaba : core type II b, with solid masonry filling and stepped retaining wall; 30.8 x 12.1 m.; area, 372.68 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.54; average height of stepped courses 27.5 cms.; average width of steps, 5.5. cm.
Core lengthened by addition of masonry on the north 2.85 m. long, before casing, 33.65 x 12.1 m.; area, 407.1 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.78.
Cased with white masonry (x-masonry), dressed to a smooth sloping surface bonded with an interior chapel of type (3 a) mastaba of type VI-x; 36.15 x 15.1 m.; area, 545.86 sq. m. ; prop. 1/2.39; with subsidiary north niche.

Chapel: interior chapel of type (3 a) built in hole broken in the old stepped core and bonded with the casing; with one ka-door in south end of east wall; 4.5 x 1.6 m.; area, 7.2 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.81; of white limestone.
Shaft G 2130 A: sole shaft in position of shaft in one-shaft mastaba, in medial axis, north of middle; 2.6 x 2.55 m. at top and 2.4 x 2.35 m. at bottom; -7.0 m. in rock ; lined with drab masonry, 2.95 m., seven courses ; portcullis groove in masonry and in rock at south ends of east and west walls : groove on east, 0.47 x 0.22 m. at top and 0.4 x 0.25 m. at bottom; western groove, 0.5 x 0.25 m. at top and 0.4 x 0.3 m. at bottom.
Chamber: type 1 al, lined and paved; on south; lined chamber, 3.1 x 3.1 m. and 2.85 m. high; area, 9.61 sq. m.; capacity, 26.42 cu. m.; rock chamber, 4.25 x 4.25 m. and 2.9 m. high ; area, 18.06 sq. m.; capacity, 52.37 cu. m.
Passage: 2.6 x 1.1 m. and 1.25 m. high ; length through lining 3.2 m.; step from floor of passage to pavement, 0.35 m. and to rock, 0.6 m.
Blocking : interior blocking of white masonry set in plaster, preserved to height of 0.5 m.; portcullis stone broken up and frags. found in debris of shaft: type I b (I).
Coffin: white limestone coffin with flat lid (type d): broken: frags. found in chamber; outside, 2.03 x 0.8 m. (height not preserved) ; inside, 1-84 x 0.5 m. (PI. 36 f.)
No canopic pit.
Lining and pavement: both partly removed.

G 2210:
-northern core in eastern line of the western group: with shaft with portcullis groove as the other four cores of the western group.
See Map pCem2100, Figs. 72 (window), 250 (section of chapel),  252 (shaft).
See PI. 37 a-d.
Name: no name recovered.

Mastaba : core type II a with retaining walls of stepped drab masonry; 26.35 x 11.75 m.; area, 309.61 sq. m.; prop.  1/2.24; h. 5.15 m.; average height of stepped courses, 28.3 cm.; average width of steps, 5.2 cm.
Enlarged by addition of massive corework of type IV-iii on east and north; 34.5 x 17.4 m.; area, 600.3 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.97.
Chapel : either unfinished or destroyed ; chapel recess in enlarged corework, 6.0 x 4.0 m. (Fig. 250).
Shaft G 2210 A : one shaft in old core north of middle, in position of shaft in one-shaft mastaba; 1.95 x 2.15 m.; -21.65 m. in rock ; lined above with masonry, drab masonry, 5.15 m.; sixteen courses ; portcullis grooves in masonry and 9.6 m. in rock to just below upper chamber; groove on east, 0.43 x 0.35 m.: groove on west, 0.46 x 0.38 m.; two chambers.
Chamber (1): at 7.85 m. in rock ; type 3 ar; on south; unfinished; 4.4 x 4.9 m. and 1.85 m. high; area, 21.56 sq. m.; capacity, 39.88 cu. m.
Passage: 1.75 x 0.8 m. and 1.15 m. high; portcullis grooves end 0.8 m. below floor of passage ; open and empty; perhaps unused.
Chamber (2): at bottom of shaft; type 1 bl, lined but not paved; lined chamber, 4.25 x 3.8 m. and 3.3 m. high; area, 16.5 sq m.; capacity, 53.29 cu. m.; chamber in rock, 4.95 x 4.5 m. and 3.3 m. high; area, 22.27 sq m.; capacity, 73-49 cu. m.
Passage: 2.0 x 1.15 m. and 1.1 m. high; length through lining to inside lining, 2.4 m.; step down from floor of passage to rock floor of chamber, 0.35 m.
Blocking: type II b (1); remains of masonry in passage penetrated by thieves.
Lining and pavement: the walls were in course of lining with white masonry but lining was left unfinished.
‘Window’: construction window between south wall of shaft and north wall of rock cut chamber; near roof; 2.0 x 0.9-0.7 m. and 0.85-0.65 m. high; blocked with masonry; blocking of both door and window had been penetrated and the burial plundered but the chamber had not been stripped of its lining.

G 2135:
-in eastern group of six cores ; southern core of western line.
Excavated : by Prof. Junker, Giza I, p. 227 (numbered VII NN).
Name: not preserved.


Mastaba: core type II a, uncased; 23.45 x 10.3 m.; (Junker’s plan); area, 241.53 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.27; h. 4.0 m.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 a), built around emplacement for slab-stela.
Slab-stela: see Junker, Giza I, p. 230 (Fig. 53 b, Pl. 37 b); frag. of about a quarter of a slab-stela (upper right-hand quarter) ; showing right half of the table to top ; above the table remains of short list of offerings ; to right of table, an old compartment list (linen list) ; no name or titles preserved.
Shaft G 2135 A: sole shaft, in position of shaft in one-shaft mastaba, north of middle; 2.1 x 2.1 m. at top; 1.8 x 1.8 m. at bottom; -7.0 m. in rock ; lined with drab masonry, 5.7m.; fifteen courses.
Chamber: type I cm. ; lined chamber, 3.01 x 3.06 m. and 3.05 m. high ; area, 9.24 sq. m.; capacity, 28.18 cu m.;
rock chamber, 3.8 x 3.85 m. and 3.05 m. high; area, 14.63 sq. m.; capacity, 44.62 cu. m.
Passage: including lining, 1.55 x 1.3-1.45 m. and 1.1 m. high; step down from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 1.2 m.
Coffin: white limestone coffin with flat lid (type d); outside, 2.09 x 0.82 m. and 0.62 m. high; thickness of lid, 7.5-8 cm.; rebate on outside of upper edge of box with corresponding ledge on under side of lid; thickness of walls of coffin 9.5 cm.
Canopic pit: in SE corner; 0.52 x 0.5 m. and 0.43 m. deep.
Lining and pavement : the lining was begun and built to a mean height of four courses.G 2140 :
-eastern group, second core in western row, north of G 2135.
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 254 (chapel), 255 (shaft).
See Pl. 38 a-b.

Name: not preserved.
Mastaba: old core of type II a of normal size; uncased; altered by introduction of interior chapel of type (3 a) into uncased mastaba of type VI b (1); 23.2 x 10.4 m.; area, 241.28 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.23; retaining wall of zmasonry of drab limestone ; height, 4.2 m.; average height of stepped courses, 39.7 cm.; average width of steps, 12.0 cm.
Chapel: interior chapel of type (3 a) of white limestone; built in hole broken in old core; 2.65 x 1.1 m. and 2-55 m. high; area, 2.91 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.4; relation 1/82.91; single ka-door near south end of west wall.
Shaft G 2140 A : sole shaft in position of shaft in one-shaft mastaba, north of middle; 1.85 x 1.85 m. at top and 1.6 x 1.6 m. at bottom; -2.9 m. in rock; lined with drab masonry, 4.15 m.; eleven courses.
Chamber : low degenerate form of type 3 b ; on south; 2.3 x 2.1 m. and 1.45 m. high ; area, 4.83 sq. m.; capacity, 7.0 cu. m.
Passage: 1.05 x 1.2 m. and 1.2 m. high; step up from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 0.2 m.
Blocking: type II b (1); of which two blocks remained in place.
Stone bench : an unfinished attached stone coffin ; along west wall beginning against south wall; 1.95 x 0.6 m. and 0.5 m. high.

G 2150:
-eastern group, northern core in western line, north of G 2140.
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 86 (section casing), 123, 265 (chapel), 206
(N. ka-door), 266 (shaft A), 268 (shaft B).
See Pls. 38 c-e, 39 b, 40 a, b, 43 a-c.
Name: Kanofer.

Mastaba : old core of type II a; of normal size; 23.2 x10.4 m.; area, 241.28 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.23; height, c. 4 m. ; retaining wall of z-masonry of stepped courses, of drab limestone ; average height of stepped courses, 41.0 cm.; average width of steps,
10.5 cm.
Cased with grey nummulitic limestone in small stepped courses (z-masonry), with interior chapel of white limestone built in hole broken in old core; 25.2 x 12.0 m.; area, 302.4 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.0; average height of courses, 46.0 cm.; average
width of steps, 12.4 cm.

Chapel: interior two-niched chapel of type (4 a) of white limestone; built in hole broken in core; 3.15 x 1.05 m.; area, 3.3 sq. m.; prop. 1/3.0; relation 1/91-63; h. 2.60: entered from east by doorway in north end of east wall, opening in embrasure
in east face of casing.
Exterior c.b. chapel of type (lg), consisting of three rooms, (b), (c), (d) from south to north.
Shafts in G 2150: originally a one-shaft mastaba with chief shaft A, in medial axis north of middle.
Shaft G 2150 A: chief shaft; 2.1 x 2.07 m.; -8.5 m. in rock; lined with drab masonry, 1.4 m.; ten courses.
Chamber: type 4 b (1); on south; 4.0 x 3.5 m. and 1.65 m. high ; area, 14.0 sq. m.; capacity, 23.1 cu. m.
Passage: 1.15 x .65 m and 1.65 m. high.
Blocking: remains of masonry set in plaster, type II b (1).
Coffin: red granite coffin covered with plaster, found overturned on side; with flat lid type d; outside, 1.93 x x 0.65 m. and 0.15 m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner; 0.95 x 0.6 m. and 0.65 m. deep; with slab lid displaced, 1.15 thick.
Shaft G 2150 B: secondary shaft in south end of mastaba, west of serdab; 1.6 x m. at top; 1.5 x m. at bottom;
Chamber : type 6 a (3) ; on north ; at 2.8 m. in rock; 1.15 x 2.25 m. and 0.95 m. high; area, 2.59 sq. m.
Shaft descends 5.6 m. below chamber but contains no second chamber.G 2155:
-southern core in eastern line of eastern group.
Excavated: by Prof. Junker (see Junker, Giza II, pp. 135-70).
Name: Kaninesuwt.


Mastaba: core of type II a of normal size; estimated at 23.5 x 10.5 m.; area, 246.7 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.3; height, c. 5.0 m.
Converted into a mastaba of type VII-X by casing and extending the south end to include an interior chapel of type (4 a); 32.2 x 12.4 m.; area, 399.28 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.95; cased with mixed masonry (white and nummulitic limestone) : better constructed and dressed on east face ; intended to present the appearance of the smooth sloping casing of white limestone (see Junker’s detailed description).
Chapel: interior chapel of type (4 a) and exterior c.b. chapel:
(a) N-S offering-room of white limestone with two niches, one at each end of west wall; 3.7 x 1.5 m.; area, 5.55 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.46; relation, 1/73.76; entered from east by doorway in north end of east wall, opening in embrasure in east face; window in south wall.
Serdab: small E-W serdab behind south ka-door of offering-room.
Shaft G 2155 A: sole shaft in position of shaft in one-shaft mastaba, north of middle in old core; 2.12 x 2.12 m.; drum; 0.6 x 0.8 m.; area, 0.48 sq. m. ; floor about level with pediment of niche. -12.0 m. in rock, lined above with drab masonry, 5.0 m.
Chamber : type 4 a (4) : on south; 4.0 x 4.3 m. and 2.2 m. high; area, 17.2 sq. m.; capacity, 37.84 cu. m.
Passage: 1.1 x 1.1 m. and 2.2 m. high.
Canopic pit : in SE corner; 0.8 x 0.6 m. and 0.6 m. deep.G 2160:
-eastern group, second core in eastern line, north of G 2155.
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 271 (shaft).
See PI.43 d.
Name : none found.

Mastaba: old core of type II a uncased; 23.6 x 10.4 m.; area, 245.44 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.26; h. 4.1 m.; average height of stepped courses, 45.5 cm.; average width of steps, 13.2 cm.
Chapel : probably originally of type (I).
Shaft G 2160 A : sole shaft, north of middle in position of shaft in one shaft mastaba; 1.9 x 2.05 m. at top; 1.7 x 1.55 m. at bottom; -8.0 m. in rock: lined with drab masonry, 4.1 m.; ten courses.
Chamber: type 4 a (2) x, unfinished; on south; 2.7 x 2.65 m. and 1.5 m. high; area, c. 7.15 sq. m.; capacity, 10.72 cu. m.; chamber floor not completely excavated.
Passage: 1.2 x 1.4 m. and 1.5 m. high; on shaft side over the doorway, a rebate to take top of blocking, 0.95 m. high, and 0.4-0.6 m. deep.

G 2170:
-eastern group, northern core in eastern line, north of G 2160, east of G 2150.
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 273 (shaft), 274 (pottery).
Name : none found.

Mastaba: core of type II a, not cased; 23.2 x 10.8 m.; area, 250.56 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.14; height, 3.5 m.; average height of stepped courses, 43.7 cm.; average width of steps, 11.7 cm.
Chapel : probably exterior c.b. chapel of type (1), but all traces destroyed by later constructions.
Shaft G 2170 A : sole shaft, north of middle, as one-shaft mastaba; 2.07 x 2.05 m. at top ; 1.25 x 1.5 m. at bottom ; -5.1 m. in rock ; lined with masonry, 3.5 m.; eleven courses.
Chamber: type 6 a (3): on west; 2.05 x 1.35 m. and 1.2 m. high; area, 2.76 sq. m,; capacity, 3.31 cu. m.
Blocking: c.b. wall inside doorway, type III a; penetrated at top.

G 2220 :
-on independent site east of G 2210 with its southern end alined with the southern end of that mastaba ; separated from the north end of G 2150 by 13.8 m. and from the north end of G 2170 by 14.9 m.; not alined with either G 2150 or G 2170.
See Map pCem2100 and Figs. 275 (chapel), 276 (shaft B), 278 (shaft C).
Name : none preserved.

Mastaba : core of massive nummulitic corework, type IV-iii, with chapel recess near south end of east face; 62.0 x 20.4 m.; area, 1264.8 sq. m.; prop. 1/3.03; height, 6.0 m.; on the west the retaining wall of massive blocks presents the high stepped courses of grey nummulitic limestone (as core type IV in Cem. G 4000) ; on the east the wall  also of large grey blocks is built sloping as in mastabas of typesVI a and VII a; the chapel recess in this east face measured 8.4 x 3.6 m.
The mastaba was designed to receive a white casing bonded with an interior chapel of white limestone; but this was only begun north and south of the projecting part of the chapel and left unfinished; the type intended was VII-x (2); the thickness of the white casing south of the chapel was 2.4 m.; if finished with a casing of this thickness the mastaba would have measured 66.8 x 25.2 m. with an area of 1683.36 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.65; this was exceeded in size only by the two great mastabas, G 2000 and G 7510.
Chapel: interior offering-room of type (4 a) of white limestone.
Shafts in G 2220: two shafts, C immediately north-west of chapel and B west of C; a third shaft A was presumed north of middle, but was found not to exist.
Shaft G 2220 B : west of shaft C, west of medial axis; 2.05 x 1.8 m. at top; 1.8 x 1.5 m. at bottom; -4.4 m.in rock; lined with small grey masonry, 5.7 m.; sixteen courses (four high courses at top and twelve low courses below them).
Chamber: type 4 b (2) : on north; at 2.9 m. at rock; 6.3 x 2.4 m. irregular; and 1.4 m. high; area, 15.12 sq. m.; capacity, 21.16 cu. m.
Passage: 0.85 x 1.4 m. (wide E-W) and 1.4 m. high.
Blocking: interior blocking built in three parts from bottom upwards, rubble, rough masonry and c.b. laid dry but apparently intact; type III d + c + a (3).Shaft G 2220 C : chief shaft (?); 2.25 x 2.2 m. at top; 1.8 x 1.85 m. at bottom; -22.4 m. in rock .
Chamber : type 4 a (I) irregular and unfinished ; on south; 2.5 x 2.95 m. and 1.4 m. high.
Passage: 1.55 x 3 m. and 1.4 m high; south wall only partly excavated leaving a rock ledge.
Date of G 2220: the size of this mastaba built on independent site, its relation to the mastaba G 2210 and the other mastabas of Cem. G 2100, make it apparent that G 2220 was begun and the massive core constructed sometime in the reign of Mycerinus; the change in the owner’s fortunes which prevented the finishing of the casing and the white offering-room, was probably caused by the death of Mycerinus; the chief burial was probably carried out in the reign of Shepseskaf while that in shaft B was carried out in Dyn. V. The mastaba was designed as a two-shaft mastaba; the fact that the offering-room was a two-niched room is not definite evidence of a date later than Mycerinus because of the great size of the mastaba : the large mastabas earlier in date than Mycerinus had as a rule two-niched chapels: namely the enormous mastabas G 2000 and G 7510 and the mastaba of Prince Hemyuwnuw (G 4000).