DESCRIPTION OF CEM. G 4000
The Cem. G 4000 consisted of mastaba cores of several types laid out in six E-W rows and eight N-S lines. I number the rows 1-6 from south to north and the lines 1-8 from west to east. The large mastaba of Prince Hemyuwnuw I mark as G 4000. It lies west of line I outside the unified plan, although connected with that plan by alinement.
G 4000, the two northern rows (rows 5 and 6), and one mastaba in the fourth row, were excavated by Professor Junker, making a total of eighteen mastabas of Cem. 4000, and published fully in his Giza I.

pCem1200-2100

The rows 1-4 were excavated by the Harvard-Boston Expedition. In the season 1912-1913 we had cleared the eastern end of the northern strip of the Western Field and come out on the Pyramid plateau at the NW corner of the Cheops Pyramid. The cleared strip included all the mastabas described in Appendixes A-C and had an E-W length of 300 m.
The middle strip had passed from Professor Steindorff to Professor Junker. The southern strip had been assigned to Schiaparelli of the Turin Museum, but was given up by him and assigned to the Harvard-Boston Expedition in 1906.
In October 1913 we began the examination and the excavation of the rows 1-4 of Cem. G 4000. The work proceeded as follows :
(1) October 4th) 1913 to April 29th) 1914: excavation of row 4, G 4140-4740; row 3, G 4330-4830; row 2, G 4320-4720; and the intervening small mastabas.
(2) In 1914-1915 the excavation was begun of the eastern end of the southern strip advancing from the east across the southern end of the Cem. en Echelon to the eastern side of Cem. 4000 ; in this connexion G 4820 was excavated.
(3) November 9th, 1915 to January 5th 1916: excavation of row 1, G 4310-4710, and the area of 4810 occupied by a complex of mastabas; the intervening small mastabas were excavated and those in the space between Cem. 4000 and the massive E-W wall south of the cemetery.

pES_WCem

The total number of large mastabas of the unified plan in Cem. G 4000 amounted to 42, of which 18 were excavated by Professor Junker and 24 by the Harvard-Boston Expedition.
Cem. G 4000, as explained elsewhere, consisted of a nucleus of five mastabas to which were added a succession of additions as marked off by the type forms presented by their finished forms. This division, in chronological order, is as
follows :
(I) The initial five mastabas: the group of four, G 4150, 4160, 4250, and G 4260, initiated the unified plan; the mastaba of Prince Hemyuwnuw with a core of the same construction was built either before or after the block of four ; the cores were all of type II b; the burial-chambers were all lined chambers of type I ; but the final finished
mastabas varied ; all excavated by Professor Junker.
(2) The first addition of eight mastabas continuing the lines of rows 5 and 6 eastwards from line 3 to line 6, G 4360- 4660 and G 4350-4650; all the cores were of type IV-i, but one of them, G 4350, had been faced with small stepped masonry and converted into core type III-i; the chambers had all been designed as lined chambers of type I, but the chamber of the last core in the addition, G 4650, had been left unlined; the chapels were all of the exterior c.b. type (some of them altered in later times); all eight excavated by Prof. Junker.
(3) The second addition consisted of nine mastabas, row 4, lines 1-7, G 4140-4740, and two cores in line 7, G 4750 and G 4760 ; the cores were all originally of type IV-i, but one core, G 4140, had been converted by facing into type III-i; the burial-chambers were all of type 2 (with ramp or stair inside chamber) ; all chambers were designed as
lined chambers, but the lining had only been executed in four cases; most of these nine cores had an unfinished white casing with an exterior stone chapel, and it is probable that all were intended to be so finished; G 4140-4740 were excavated by us and G 4750 and G 4760 by Prof. Junker.

(4) The third addition consisted of row 3, G 4330-4830 and line 8 north of G 4830 (G 4840-4860); the cores except one were of type IV-i, while the last core, G 4860, was of type II a; the burial-chambers were of various unlined types and various sizes; G 4430 was dated by a sealing of Chephren; G 4330-4830 were excavated by us and G 4840- 4860 by Prof. Junker.
(5) The fourth addition of six mastabas consisted of row 2, G 4320-4820; all the cores were of type IV-i; the shafts were designed as 2-metre shafts and the cased part above was of this size, but the shaft excavated in the rock was much smaller ; the chambers were of the unlined types and varied in size ; the mastaba was a one-shaft mastaba,
and when more than one burial was made in the mastaba, it was placed in a second or third chamber in the same shaft; excavated by our expedition; G 4520 was dated by a sealing to Weserkaf.
(6) The fifth addition of five mastabas, row 1, G 4310-4710; the cores were built in succession to row 2 ; they were finished and used in the same way as those of row 2; G 4410 was dated by sealings to Weserkaf; the old core of G 4410 had been rebuilt and shifted northwards to form a mastaba of type IX a, with retaining walls of large sloping nummulitic blocks; G 4710 was the most elaborately finished mastaba of this group and appears to have been completed at the end of Dyn. IV, perhaps as early as Mycerinus ; the easternmost core-site, G 4810, was left vacant and later in Dyn. V was occupied by a complex of mastabas.
The two western lines had cores only in rows 4-6. Rows 1-3 began on the west with line 3. The reason for the omission of the cores G 4110-4130 and G 4210-4230 was undoubtedly the existence of the quarry excavated by Schiaparelli between line 3 of Cem. G 4000 and the Shepseskaf-ankh complex (Cem. G 6000).
The Cem. G 4000 by reason of its size, its chronology, and the changes in the types of cores, finished mastabas, and burial-chambers is marked as one of the most important factors for the reconstruction of the history of the Giza Necropolis.
The importance of the cemetery is further increased by the number of slab-stelae and ‘reserve heads’ recorded in the earlier mastabas (22 in number). For the slab-stelae see Pls. 52-56 and Junker, Giza I, and for the ‘reserve heads’ see Pl. 57 and Junker, l.c. The construction of the cores had without any doubt been begun in the reign of Cheops, and the unified plan developed by the mastabas built in that reign. I believe that these cores were built by the public works department of Cheops. The order of their construction has been outlined above. The whole of the forty-two cores may have been executed by Cheops. I find it difficult to maintain my original theory that the construction of the cores was continued by Chephren, The finishing of the mastabas and their use for burials certainly extended from the reign of Cheops to the reign of Weserkaf. In order to give a complete review of this great cemetery, I find it necessary to include descriptions of the mastabas excavated by Prof. Junker. My descriptions of these mastabas are summaries stating the type forms and sizes taken from Prof. Junker’s complete publication of these mastabas in his report, Giza I. I take up the mastabas in the order of the construction as outlined above. In each group I take the individual mastabas in the order of the lines from west to east and in the order of the rows from north to south.

I. The five initial mastabas in Cem. G 4000: G 4000, G 4160, G 4260, G 4150, G 4250: excavated by Professor Junker (Giza I.)

G 4000:
-mastaba of abnormal size west of block of four, either earlier or later.
Junker, Giza I, pp. 132-162.
Name: Prince Hemyuwnuw.

Enlarged with the addition of massive corework of type IV-iii cased with smooth white limestone; 53.2 x 26.77 m. ; area, 1424.16 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.98.
Chapel : interior chapel of type (5 a) of white limestone, with two ka-doors in west wall; 36.9 x 1.56 m,; area, 57.66 sq. m.; prop. 1/23.65; relation, 1/24.74; entered by doorway in south end of east wall ; decorated with reliefs, badly damaged by destruction of masonry; the north niche was the chief niche.
Exterior c.b. chapel: type (lh); two rooms:
(b) N-S room around doorway to interior offering-room; 3.95 x 2.1 m.; area, 8.3 sq. m.
(c) vestibule north of (b); 2.54 x 2.3 m.;area, 5.84 sq. m.; entered from north by doorway in north wall.
Total area, of c.b. chapel, (b) + (c), 14.14 sq. m.
Total area of interior and exterior chapels, (a)-(c), 71.7 sq. m.
Serdab: two serdabs, one behind each niche : in north serdab, a seated statue of Hemyuwnuw.
Shafts in G 4000 : two shafts in the original core ; north shaft, chief shaft in the position of the shaft in a one-shaft mastaba; the south shaft, secondary shaft, was added close south of the chief shaft to correspond with the altered form of the mastaba as finished.
Shaft G 4000 N: 2.2 x 2.2 m.; -15.0 m. in rock; lined above with drab masonry, 5.0 m.; fifteen courses.
Chamber: type 1 blx; on south ; lined and paved chamber ; lined chamber, 5.3 x 4.4 m. and 3.85 m. high; area, 23.32 sq m.; capacity, 89.78 cu m.; rock chamber, 6.2 x 5.25 m. and 4.1 m. high; area, 33.15 sq m.; capacity, 135.92 cu. m.
Passage: 3.22 x 1.25 m. and 1.25 m. high measured at right angles to the slope; the passage slopes downwards from shaft to chamber with a vertical drop of 2.2 m.; step down from floor of passage to pavement of chamber, 0.52 m.
Coffin : white limestone coffin with flat lid of type (d).
Shaft G 4000 S: unfinished, intruded south of north shaft; 2.4 x 2.2 m.; -15.4 m. in rock ; lined above with good drab masonry, 4.7 m.; fourteen courses.
Chamber: designed as north chamber; as left unfinished, type 3 brx; on south; 3.75 x 3.5 m. and 1.4 m. high;
Passage: 2.2 x 1.0 m. and 1.1 m. high at right angles to the sloping passage enters chamber at roof level and at area, 13.13 sq. m.; capacity, 18.38 cu. m.
Coffin: fragments of white limestone coffin at top of shaft.
Canopic pit: in SE corner. 0.47 m. above the floor ; apparently the design was to make the chamber higher by cutting upwards.

G 4160, (In):
-northern core in first line:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 162-168.
Name: not preserved.

Mastaba: core type II b; 23.6 x 10.4 m.; area, 245.44 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.26; casing of white limestone begun but left unfinished on west ; probably casing with white limestone begun on east, north, and south, but left unfinished or destroyed later.
Chapel : exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 b) built around the slab-stela and an exterior stone chapel of type (2 a):
(a) N-S room of white limestone, 2.7 x 0.9 m.; area, 2.43 sq. m.; prop. 1/3.0; entered from east by doorway in
north end of east wall ; apparently without ka-door but used for decorations.
(b-c) a room with two arms at right angles: arm (b), E-W, with slab-stela exposed in niche in west end, 1.3 x 2.15 m; area, 2.79 sq. m.; N-S arm, (c) on north, 2.4 x 0.95 m.; area, 2.28 sq. m.; total area, 5.07 sq. m,; entered from east by doorway in east wall of (c).
(d) small magazine north of (e) and entered from it; 1.05 x 1.65 m.; area, 1.73 sq. m.
(e) N-S hall with doorway opening into (c), (d), and (f); 3.6 x 1.65m.; area, 5.94 sq. m.
(f) vestibule room, 2.7 x 1.65 m.; area, 4.45 sq. m. ; entered from south ; doorway to room (a) in west wall; on north, doorway to (e).
Total area, (b)-(f), 17.2 sq. m.
Total area, (a)-(f), 19.63 sq. m.
Shaft 4160 A : sole shaft; 2.0 x 2.0 m.; -6.5 m. in rock ; lined above with good drab masonry, 5.5 m.; sixteen courses.
Chamber: type 1 br, lined and paved; on south; lined chamber, 3.8 x 3.2 m. and 2.68 m. high; area, 12.16 sq m.; capacity 32.59 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner.

G 4260, (IIn):
-northern core in line 2, east of 4160:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 181-191.
Name: not preserved.

Mastaba: core type II a; 23.7 x 10.75 m.; area, 254.77 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.2; unfinished casing of X or Y masonry.
Chapel: type (2 a) + (1 b), similar to 4160.
(a) white limestone room without Ka-door but decorated; 3.35 x 1.05 m.; area, 3.52 sq. m.; prop. 1/3.2.
(b)-(e) exterior c.b. chapel with offering-room of bent form as G 4160 around emplacement for slab-stela,
Total area, (b)-(e), 15.45 sq. m.
Shaft G 4260 A : sole shaft: 2.0 x 2.0 m.; -6.45 m. in rock ; lined above with good drab masonry, 4.5 m.; twelve courses.
Chamber: lined and paved; type 1 ar; on south; 3.15 x 3.45 m. and 2.77 m. high; area, 10.87 sq. m.; capacity, 30.11 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner with rebate for lid.

G 4150, (Is):
-south of 4160:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 169-181.
Name: Prince Yuwnuw.

Mastaba: core type II b; 22.5 x 9.5 m.; area, 213.75 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.36; enlarged with addition of core work of type IV-iii, with chapel recess for interior chapel ; cased in white limestone, perhaps unfinished and partly destroyed; final form mastaba type VI-x.
Chapel : original chapel probably of type (I a) ; the slab-stela was found in place, well preserved, in its emplacement in the east face of the core (cf. G 1201, G 1223, and G 1225); the offering-room of the final stage was probably of type (3 a); 3.6 x 1.5 m.; area, 5.4 sq.m.; prop, 1/2.4; exterior c.b. chapel of three rooms, type (I f).
Total area (a)-(d), 10.27 sq. m.; statue niche in south wall of (d).
Shaft G 4150 A: sole shaft; 2.05 x 2.1 m.; -6.4 m. in rock ; lined above with good drab masonry, 3.85 m.; ten courses.
Chamber: type1 ar, lined and paved; on south; 3.1 x 3.3 m. and 2.45 m. high; area, 10.23 sq. m.; capacity, 25.06 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner.G 4250, (IIs):
-core east of G 4150 and south of G 4260:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 191-194.
Name: not preserved.

Mastaba: core type II b, uncased; 23.8 x 10.2 m.; area, 243.76 sq, m.; prop. 1/2.33.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 a) of five rooms ; in N-S line along face of core at SE corner.
(a) N-S offering-room with stepped face of mastaba exposed in west wall of room and slab-stela emplacement in middle of this wall; 6.5 x 3.0 m.; area, 19.5 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.17; entered from north from vestibule (b), by doorway in east end of north wall.
Total area (a)-(e), 44.12 sq. m.; in room (c), a rectangular offering-basin.
Shaft G 4250 A: sole shaft; 1.9 x 1.9 m.; -7,5 m. in rock; lined above with good drab masonry, 3.24 m.; eleven courses.
Chamber: type 1 ar, lined and paved; on south; 3.15 x 3.32 m. and 2.44 m. high; area, 10.46 sq. m.; capacity, 25.52 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner.

2. The eight mastabas of the first addition to Cem. 4000: G 4350-4660 and G 4350-4650: excavated by Professor Junker (Giza I).

G 4360, (IIIn):
-northern row line 3 :
Junker, Giza I, pp. 198-203.
Name: Mery-hetep-f.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 24.0 x 9.4 m.; area, 225.6 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.55.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of 4 or 5 rooms, of type (I a) built around slab-stela in facade (emplacement remains).
(a) N-S offering-room; 3.4 x 2.1 m.; area, 7.14 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.62; entered from north from (c) and from east from (d); doorway to magazine (b), in east end of south wall; emplacement for slab-stela in middle of west wall.
(b)-(d) rooms (b), (a), (c) from south to north along face of core; and room (d), perhaps two rooms, running N-S east of (b), (a), (c).
Total floor area, (a)-(d), 22-75 sq. m.
Shaft G 4360 A: sole shaft; 1.85 x 1.85 m.; -8.0 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry.
Chamber: type 1 ar, lined and paved ; on south; 2.5 x 2.8 m. and 2.2 m. high; area, 7.0 sq. m.; capacity, 15.4 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner with rebate for lid (?).
Coffin : white limestone coffin with flat lid of type (d).

G 4460, (IVn):
-row 6, line 4:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 203-205.
Name : not preserved.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 23.1 x 9.97 m.; area, 230.3 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.31.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 a): four rooms:
(a) N-S offering-room with slab-stela emplacement near south end of west wall; 6.3 x 2.1 m.; area, 13.23 sq m.; prop. 1/3.0; entered from north by doorway in east end of north wall; doorway to (c) in north end of east wall; doorway to (b), in east end of south wall.
(b)-(d) room (b) is a magazine south of (a) ; along the east side of (a), (b) runs from north to south, vestibule (c), and long room (d) (perhaps two rooms).
Total area, 32.19 sq. m.
Chamber: type I am, lined and paved; on south; 3.1 x 3.35 m. and 2.9 m. high; area, 10.9 sq. m.; capacity, 30.13 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner with rebate for lid.
Coffin: white limestone of type (d).
Shaft G 4460 A: 1.95 x 1.95 m.; -8.0 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry.

G 4560, (Vn):
-row 6, line 5:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 208-211.
Name: not preserved.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 22.57 x 7.87 m.; area, 177.62 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.86.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 a); badly denuded ; traces of three rooms ; emplacement for slab-stela in face of mastaba core; street north of chapel blocked by mastaba of Ka-m-ankh.
Shaft G 4560 A: sole shaft; 1.85 x 1.85 m.; -7.0 m. in rock; lined above with massive grey masonry.
Chamber: type 1 al, lined and paved; on south; 3.18 x 3.35 m. and 2.58 m. high; area, 10.65 sq. m.; capacity, 27-48 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner with rebate for lid.
Coffin: white limestone of type (d).
Room paved with layer of mortar, not with masonry.

G 4660, (VIn):
-row 6, line 6:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 213-216.
Name: no name.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 23.25 x 8.75 m.; area, 203.43 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.65.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 c) with no evidence of slab-stela; five rooms, (a)-(b) on west and (c)-(e) on east.
(a) N-S offering-room with compound niche in south end of c.b. west wall; 6.05 x 1.9 m.; area, 11.5 sq m.; prop. 1/3.18; entered from east, from (c), by doorway in north end of east wall; doorway to (b) in embrasure in south wall.
Total area, (a)-(e), 21.11 sq. m.
Shaft G 4660 A: sole shaft; 2.0 x 17 m,; -7.0 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry.
Chamber: type 1 cl, lined but not paved ; on south; 3.7 x 3.6 m. and 2.8 m. high; area, 13.32 sq m.; capacity, 38.29 cu. m.
No canopic pit.
Frags. of white limestone coffin of type (d).

G 4350, IIIs):
-row 5, line 3:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 194-198.
Name : no name.

Mastaba: core of type III-i, consisting of massive corework faced with small stepped courses of drab limestone (appearance of type II a and b); faced core not cased; massive core, 22.4 x 9.3 m.; area, 206.08 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.4; faced core, 25.2 x 11.6 m.; area, 292.3 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.2.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 a) built around slab-stela (emplacement recorded) ; four rooms (a)-(d) in N-S line along face of core.
(a) N-S offering-room; 5.3 x 2.4 m.; area, 12.72 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.21; entered from north from room (c) by doorway in east end of north wall; doorway to (b), in east end of south wall; emplacement for slab-stela in niche, south of middle of west wall.
Total area, (a)-(d), 28.26 sq. m.
Chamber: type 1 cm, lined and paved; on south; 3.4 x.35 m. and 2.55 m. high; area, 11.39 sq. m.; capacity, 29.04 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner, with rebate for lid.
Shaft G 4350 A: sole shaft; 1.85 x 1.85 m.; -7.9 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry.

G 4450, (IVs):
-row 5, line 4.
Junker, Giza I, pp. 206-208.
Name : no name.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 22.0 x 8.4 m.; area, 184.8 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.61.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 a) around emplacement for slab-stela; three rooms preserved; on west offering-room (a); east of (a), two rooms, vestibule (c) on south and magazine (b) north of (c); (c) entered from north, east of south end of (b).(a) N-S offering-room; 4.7 x 1.7 m.; area, 7.99 sq. m.; prop. 1/2-76 ; emplacement for slab-stela exposed in south end of west wall opposite entrance from vestibule; entered from east from (c), by doorway in south end of east wall; doorway to (b), in north end of same wall.
Total area, (a)-(c), 14-06 sq. m.
Chamber: type 1 cm, lined and paved ; on south; 3.4 x 3.45 m. and 2.4 m. high; area, 11.73 sq m.; capacity, 29.15 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner; with rebate for lid.
Shaft G 4450 A: sole shaft; 2.1 x 2.05 m.; -8.18 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry.

G 4550, (Vs):
-row 5, line 5:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 211-213.
Name : no name found.

Mastaba: core of type IV-i, not cased; 21.0 x 7.87 m.; area, 165.27 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.66.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (I c); five rooms, (a)-(c) on west and (d)-(e) on east; room (b), south of (a) and room (c) north of (a); on east magazine (d) on south and vestibule on north; vestibule (e), entered from north probably from open court.
(a) N-S offering-room, 2.75 x 2.45 m.; area, 6.74 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.12; face of core exposed (perhaps accident of preservation) in west side of room ; offering-table in NW corner; entered from north from (c); doorway to (b) in east end of south wall.
Total area, (a)-(e), 22.73 sq. m.
Chamber: type 1 cm, lined and paved; on south; 3.28 x 3.33 m. and 2.68 m. high; area, 10.92 sq. m.; capacity, 29.36 cu. m.
Hole in pavement in SE corner; no trace of canopic pit.
Shaft G 4550 A: sole shaft; 2.0 x 2.1 m.; -8.0 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry.

G 4650, (VIs):
-row 5, line 6:
Junker, Giza I, pp. 216-227.
Name: Princess Yabtyt.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 21.0 x 8.4 m.; area, 176.4 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.5.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (ic) built or rebuilt by the Hm-kA Kay; five rooms, two offering-rooms, (b) (on south) and (a) (on north) along the core ; and (c)-(e) on east ; room (c) at north of eastern rooms is a vestibule room entered from north by a stone ramp.
(a) N-S offering-room, with face of core as west wall; 4.75 x 2.5 m.; area, 11.88 sq m.; prop. 1/1.88; entered from east, from (c) at north end of east wall; doorway to (b) in south wall.
(b) E-W offering-room, south of (a), with stone niche in west wall flanked by stone slabs; 1.35 x 2.9 m.; area, 3.82 sq. m.; prop. 1/0.46; entered from north, from (a) ; stone construction and decoration carried out by Hm-kA Kay.
Total area, (a)-(e), 27.45 sq. m.
Chamber: type 3 cm; obviously designed as a lined chamber of type 1 cm, like G 4550, but left unlined ; on south; 3.95 x 4.0 m. and 3.05 m. high; area, 15.8 sq. m.; capacity, 48.19 cu. m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner; with rebate for lid.
Coffin: white limestone of type (d).
Shaft G 4650 A: sole shaft; 1.85 x 1.85 m.; -9.0 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry.

3. The nine mastabas of the second addition to Cem. G 4000: 4140-4740, 4750, and 4760: seven excavated by Harvard-Boston Expedition and two by Professor Junker.

G 4140:
-row 4, line 1:
See Map pES_WCem and Figs. 3 (mastaba), 20 (shaft).
Excavated: by Harvard-Boston Expedition: October 30th to December 4th, 1913.
Name : Princess Merytyetes.

Mastaba: Core type III-i; orginal one-shaft massive core of grey nummulitic limestone; 22.55 x 9.6 m.; area, 216.48 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.35; height, 5.0 m.
Massive core faced with small stepped masonry on east, south, and west, and stepped facing prolonged to the north to include an annex shaft for husband; core type III-i; 29.4 x 115 m.; area, 336.63 sq. m. ; prop. 1/2.57; average height of stepped courses, 35 cm.; average width of steps, 11.5 cm.; with slab-stela in emplacement in stepped face.
The final form consisted of a casing of white masonry, and a number of blocks had been set along the east face of the stepped facing; in connexion with this casing an exterior stone chapel was also left unfinished.
By the facing the stepped core was given the form of an annex-mastaba with secondary shaft for husband on the north, but approached the form of the two-shaft mastaba.
Chapel : the slab-stela set in the stepped wall of the facing indicates that there was at one time an intention of finishing
the mastaba with an exterior c.b. chapel of type ( I a).
The chapel actually begun was an exterior stone chapel of type (2 b)built against the white casing; only the foundation platform of this exterior chapel of type (2 b) remains; the traces of foundation lines on this platform prove that the walls had been  partly or wholly constructed and afterwards destroyed; the stone chapel appears to have contained two rooms, (a) and (b);
Shafts in G 4140: two shafts, A in the massive core in place of shaft in one-shaft mastaba ; shaft B, in northern annex formed by extension of stepped facing.
Shaft G 4140 A: chief shaft, burial-place of Princess Merytyetes; 2.0 x 2.1 m. at top; 2.1 x 1.86 m. at bottom; -10.63 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry 5.0 m. 12 courses on north, six on south.
Chamber: type 2 brx (ramp); lined and paved on south ; lined chamber, 4.25 x 387m. and 2.85 m. high; area, 16.45 sq. m.; capacity, 46.88 cu. m.; rock chamber, 5.1 x 4.65 m. and 3.1 m. high; area, 23.71 sq m.; capacity, 73-47 cu. m.
Passage : sloping passage entering at roof-level; 2.4 x 1.32 m. and 1.25 m. high, at right angles to slope ; rock-cut ramp from end of passage to floor of chamber, 2.55 x 1.05-1.2 m.; 1.7 m. high at passage end.
Blocking: remains of interior masonry blocking; and portcullis slab ; type I b (I).

G 4240:
-row 4, line 2 :
See pES_WCem and Figs. 110 (chapel), 281 (shaft),
Owner: Prince Sneferuw-seneb.
Excavated: November 4th to 18th, 1913.

Mastaba: core type IV i; 21 x 8.35 m.; area, 175.3 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.51; h. 4.7 m. Cased with white limestone, x-masonry; 24.9 x11.8 m.; area, 293.82 sq. m.; prop. 1/2-11; casing completely built, but its smooth dressing was not finished.
Chapel: exterior chapel of type (2 b) of white limestone, bonded with casing ; 3.62 x 1.55 m. ; area, 5.61 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.33; the west wall was formed by the casing, but the slope of the casing had been dressed vertically; in this vertical wall had been cut a large ka-door of traditional form; entered from east by doorway in north end of east wall.
Exterior c.b. chapel: type (1 e); consisting of four rooms (b)-(e).
Total area, (b)-(e), 20.52 sq. m.
Total area, (a)-(e), 26.13 sq. m.
Shaft G 4240 A: sole shaft; 2.10 x m.; -11.4 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry, 4.7 m.; 7 courses.

Chamber: type 2 br (stair), not lined ; on south; 4.6 x 4.35 m. and 2.67 m. high ; area, 20.01 sq m.; capacity, 53.42 cu. m.
Passage: horizontal; 1.1 x 1.2m. and 1.25 m. high ; rock-cut stair of 4 steps and 5 rises descending from floor of passage to floor of chamber; 1.95 x 1.55 m. and 2.6 m. high; the lining would have covered the eastern side of the stair.
Coffin: frags. of white limestone coffin of type d.
Canopic pit: in SE corner; 0.6 x 0.7 m. and 0.46 m. deep.

G 4340:
-row 4, line 3 :
See pES_WCem and Figs. 284 (shaft).
Owner: no name preserved.
Excavated: October 15th-22nd, 1913.

Mastaba: core type IV-i; 22.4 x 9.75 m.; area, 218.4 sq. m.; prop. 1/2-29 ; h. 5.0 cm.; emplacement for slab-stela.
Casing of white limestone begun, but left unfinished or destroyed; blocks in place on north, south, and west.
Chapel: exterior white limestone chapel of type (2 b), of which only a few stones remain in place; probably destroyed for its stone whether finished or unfinished ;
Shaft G 4340 A: 1.98 x 1.98 m; -9.2 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry, 5.0 m.; 6 courses.
Chamber: type 2 cr (ramp); lined but not paved ; on south ; lined chamber, 3.3 x 3.3 m. and 2.64 m. high; area, 10.89 sq. m.; capacity, 28.75 cu. m.; rock chamber, 4.0 x 4.05 m. and 2.64 m. high; area, 16.2 sq. m.; capacity, 42.82 cu. m.
Passage: horizontal passage; 1.17 x I.2 m. and 1.22 m. high; ramp descending from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 1.2 x 1.09 m. and 1.4 m. high,
Blocking : interior white stone masonry set in plaster, broken through upper part ; with portcullis slab, leaning to north, 1.9 m. high, 1.4 m. wide, and 0.28 m. thick; type I b (1).
No remains of coffin.
No canopic pit.

G 4440
:
-row 4, line 4:
See pES_WCem and Figs. 37, 286 (shaft), 76 (blocking).
Excavated : November 20th to December 3rd, 1913.
Owner : name not found ; by portrait head, undoubtedly a brother of Prince Sneferuw-seneb.

Mastaba: core type IV-i; 22.8 x 9.45 m.; area, 215.46 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.05; h. 5.0 m.
Cased with white limestone (X-masonry), poorly preserved on west and east ; probably destroyed ; apparent size of cased mastaba, 24.8~ 11.45 m.; area, 283.84 sq. m.; prop. 1/2-17:
Chapel: type (2 b) destroyed except for one block in south wall; remains of exterior c.b. chapel of 3 rooms, of which only room (c) could be measured, 2.35 x 2.65 m.; area, 6-23 sq. m. ; room (c) entered from west.
Shaft G 4440 A: sole shaft, original; 2.1 x 2.1 m.; -9.4 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry, 5.0 m.; 6 courses.
Chamber : type 2 brx (ramp); not lined ; on south ; rock chamber, 4.35 x 4.05 m. and 2.71 m. high ; area, 17.62 sq. m.; capacity, 47.75 cu. m.
Passage: sloping passage with ramp at end inside chamber; passage, 1.14 x 1.15 m. and 1.25 m. high at right angles to slope; ramp, 2.25 x 1.25 m. and 1.4 m. high.
Blocking : interior masonry set in plaster and portcullis slab, 1.6 m. high, 1.3 m. wide, and 0.35 m. thick ; with two holes through the upper part through the thickness: type I b (I).
Coffin: frags. of white limestone coffin of type d, in shaft and chamber.
Canopic pit in SE corner: 0.65 x 0.55 m, and 0.5 m. deep.

G 4540:
-row 4, line 5 :
See pES_WCem and Figs. 38, 288 (shaft).
Excavated : December 6th-16th, 1913.
Owner: no name preserved.

Mastaba: core type IV-i uncased; 23.25 x 10.3 m.; area, 238.47 sq. m.; prop. 1/2-25 ; h. 4.5+ cm.
Chapel: exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 c), altered and partly destroyed; 4 rooms:
Shaft G 4540 A: sole shaft in place of shaft in one-shaft mastaba; 2.05 x 2.05 m.; -12.8 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry, 4.5 m.; 4 courses.
Chamber: type 2 ar (stair), lined but not paved; on south; lined chamber, 2.92 x 3.37 m. and 2.8 m. high; area, 9.84 sq. m.; capacity, 27.55 cu. m.; lining plastered with white plaster; rock chamber, 4.3 x 4.75 m. and 2.8 m. high; area, 20.42 sq. m.; capacity, 57.17 cu. m.
Passage: 1.86 x 1.15 m. and 1.3 m. high; stair descends from rock floor of passage to rock floor of chamber by five rises ; the top step, of the same width as the passage, is inside the inner end of the passage, the other four steps inside the chamber measured together 1.0 x 0.95 m. and 1.2 m. high ; total height from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 1.5 m.
Blocking : interior masonry of white limestone set in plaster partly broken out ; outside, a portcullis slab with rope holes in upper end; 1.65 m. wide, 1-43 m. high, 0.36 m. thick, of white limestone; type I b (I).
Canopic pit: in SE corner; 0.54 x 0.6 m. and 0.45 m. deep; cut in rock floor,G 4640:
-row 4, line 6.
See pES_WCem and Figs. 290 (shaft).
Owner : no name preserved.

Mastaba: core type IV-i; 23.2 x 9.9 m.; area, 229.68 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.34; h. 4.2+ m.; retaining wall of five courses.
Cased with white limestone (X-masonry) nearly completely destroyed; 24.9 x 12.0 m.; area, 291.29 sq. m. ;
Chapel : exterior white stone chapel of type (2 b); N-S offering-room, 3.9 x 1.4 m.; area, 5-46 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.89; with monolithic ka-door in south end of west wall set in casing; entered from east by doorway in north end of east wall. prop. 1/2.05.
Exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 e); 2 rooms:
Shaft G 4640 A: sole shaft (one-shaft mastaba): 2.1 x 2.05 m.; contracting to 1.75 x 1.87 m. at bottom ; -12.05 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry, 4.2 m.; 8 courses.
Chamber: type 2 br (stair), lined but not paved; on south ; lined chamber, 3.2 x 2.88 m. and 2.56 m. high ; area, 9.22 sq. m. ; capacity, 23.6 cu. m. ; rock chamber, 3.77 x 3.5 m. and 2.56 m. high; area, 13.19 sq. m.; capacity, 33.76 cu. m.
Passage: 1.36 x 1.1 m. and 1.08 m. high; the stair is narrower than the passage and descends in four steps (five rises); 1.4 x 0.6 m. and 1.5 m. high from floor of chamber to floor of passage.
Blocking : remains of interior masonry of white limestone set in plaster ; exterior portcullis slab of white limestone with top broken off; 1.37 m. wide, 1.3+ m.
Canopic pit: in SE corner; 0.6 x 0.4 m. and 0.57 m. deep, cut in rock floor.

G 4740:
-row 4, line 7:
See pES_WCem and Fig. 292 (shaft).
Owner: no name and no portrait head.
Excavated: December 17th-25th, 1913.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, uncased; 23.0 x 9.6 cm.; area, 220.8 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.39; h. 4.6-5.0 m.
Chapel : no trace preserved.
Shaft G 4740 A: sole shaft (one-shaft mastaba); 2.05 x 2.05 m. contracting to 1.67 x 1.7 m. at bottom; -9.81 m. in rock; lined with massive masonry, 4.64 m.; 4 courses.
Chamber: type 2 cr (stair), not lined; on south; 4.03 x 4.16 m. and 2.56 m. high; area, 16.66 sq. m.; capacity, 42.64 cu. m.
Passage: 1.19 x 1.1 m. and 1.35 m. high; stairway of three steps (four rises) descends from floor of passage to floor of chamber; 2.25 x 1.1 m. and 1.21 m. high; the steps begin in the angle of the rock wall left for the lining.
Blocking: interior blocking of masonry set in plaster, type II b; no portcullis slab was found.
No canopic pit.

G 4750
:
-row 5, line 7:
Excavated: by Junker, Giza I, pp. 234-242.
Owner: Akhi.

Mastaba: core type IV-i; 22.9 x 9.75 m.; area, 223.28 sq. m.: prop. 1/2.35; four courses, 6.0 m. high.
Cased with white limestone (x-masonry) either unfinished or destroyed; 24.8 x 11.5 m.; area, 292.64 sq. m.; prop. 1/2-15.
Chapel : exterior stone chapel of type (2 b), built against face of core probably to be included in casing; 3.7 x 2.0 m. area, 7.4 sq. m.; prop. 1/1.85; with ka-door in south end of west wall and small serdab behind the niche; entered from east by doorway in north end of east wall; decorated but badly damaged.
Shaft G 4750 A: sole shaft; 2.1 x 2.1 m.; -10.0 m. in rock; lined above with heavy masonry, 6.0 m.
Chamber: type 2 br (stair), not lined; on south; 4.0 x 4.4 m. and 2.6 m. high; area, 17.6 sq. m.; capacity, 45.86 cu. m. ; with coffin recess in west wall; 2.7 x 1.6 m.; area, 4.32 sq. m.; h. 0.15 m.; capacity, 6.48 cu. m.;
total area, 21.92 sq. m.; total capacity, 52-24 cu. m.
Passage: 1.4 x 1.35 m. and 1.5 m. high; stair descends from floor of passage to floor of chamber.
No canopic pit.

G 4760:
-row 6, line 7:
Excavated: by Junker, Giza I, pp. 231-234.
Owner: no name.

Mastaba : core type IV-i, not cased; 24.6 x 1.0 m.;area, 270.6 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.24; h. 6.0 m. ; 3-6 courses in various
Chapel: probably exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 c), but destroyed by intrusive construction.
Shaft G 4760 A : sole shaft; 2.2 x 2.2 m.; contracting to 1.7 x 1.7 m. at bottom; -10.0 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry, 5.0 m.
Chamber: 2 dr (stair), not lined or paved; 4.1 x 4.0 m. and 3.1 m. high; area, 16.4 sq m.; capacity, 50.84 cu. m. and 1.8 high; three steps and four rises.
Passage: 1.04 x 1.15 m. and 1.3 m. high; stair descending from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 1.45 x 1.1 m.
Blocking: c.b. of type II a.
Coffin: frag. of white limestone coffin and also of inner case of wood.

4. The nine mastabas of the third addition to Cem. G 4000: G 4330-4830 and 4840-4860: six excavated by the Harvard-Boston Expedition and three by Professor Junker.
G 4330:
-row 3, line 3 : first core on west of row:
See pES_WCem and Fig. 294 (shaft).
Excavated: December 3rd-17th, 1913; January 19th, 1914.
Owner: no name found.

Mastaba : core type IV-i ; not cased; 24.4 x 10.0 m.; area, 244.0
Chapel: exterior c.b, chapel of type (1 c); two parallel rooms:
Total area, (a) and (b), 12.53 sq. m.
Shaft G 4330 A: sole shaft (one-shaft mastaba); 2.05 x 1.95 m.;
-11.3 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry, 3.4 m.; 5 courses.
Chamber: type 3 bl; on south; 3.0 x 2.65 m. and 2.3 m. high; area, 7.95 sq. m.; capacity, 18.28 cu. m.
Passage: 1.06 x 5m. and 1.1 m. high; step down from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 0.3 m.
Blocking : interior blocking of masonry set in plaster ; type II b (1).

G 4430:
-row 3, line 4:
Excavated: December 3rd-8th, 1913; January 14th-23rd,27th-8th, 1914.
Owner: no name preserved.

Mastaba : core type IV-i, not cased; 24.0 x 9.9 m.; area, 237.6 sq, m.; prop. 1/2.42; h. 4.0 m,, 6 courses; with monolithic stela inserted in retaining wall near south end of east face.
Chapel: Exterior c.b. Chapel of type (1 c) around monolithic stela; with three rooms.
Shaft G 4430 A: sole shaft (one-shaft mastaba); 2.1 x 2.1 m.; contracting slightly to bottom; -4.05 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry, 4.0 m.; 6 courses.
Chamber: type 5 a (2) ; on west; 2.8 x 1.3 m. and 1.6 m. high; area, 3.64 sq. m.; capacity, 5.82 cu. m.
Passage: 1.8 x 0.4 m. and 1.58 m. high.
Blocking : interior blocking of white masonry set in plaster (partly preserved) ; outside, portcullis slab, 1.5 m. high, 1.25 m. wide, and 0.4 m. thick; blocking type I b (I) ; but the slab did not cover the end of the passage.
Coffin pit: shallow, 2.3 x 1.0 m. and 0.15 m. deep.

G 4530:
-row 3, line 5:
See pES_WCem and Figs. 108 (chapel), 296 (shaft).
Excavated: Dec. 13, 1913; Jan. 1-20, 31, and March 24, 1914.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 23.65 x 10.1 m.; area, 238.87 sq. m. ; prop. 1/2.34; h., 4.0 m., 4-7 courses; in places a high course is partly built of two low courses.
Chapel : exterior rubble chapel of type (I d) with one room : (a) N-S offering-room; 5.0 x 2.4 m.; area, 12.0 sq. m. prop. 1/2.08; entered from east by doorway in north end of east wall; east face of core exposed in west side of offering-room; no niche.
Shaft G 4530 A: sole shaft (one-shaft mastaba); 2.05 x 2.05 m. contracting at bottom to 1.75 x 1.7 m.; -9.43 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry, 4.0 m.; 6 courses.
Chamber: type 4 a (2); on west ; 2.4 x 1.3 m. and 1.78 m. high ; area, 3.12 sq. m.; capacity, 5.55 cu. m.
Passage: 1.1 x 0.88 m. and 1.78 m. high.
Blocking: interior wall of masonry set in plaster (two courses in place) outside a portcullis slab, 1.9 m. high, 1.65 m. wide and about 35 cm. thick : with two holes in upper part : blocking type I b (1).

G 4630:
-row 3, line 6 :
See pES_WCem and Figs. 107 (chapel), 298 (shaft).
Excavated: shaft, Jan. 2-10; street, Jan. 10-16, 1914.
Owner: Meduw-nefer.

Mastaba: core type IV-i; not cased; 23.2 x 9.4 cm.; area, 218.08 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.37; height, 4.8 m., 3-5 courses
Chapel : exterior c.b. chapel of type (I c) ; two rooms and open court (rubble walls).
Shaft G 4630 A: sole shaft; 2.05 x 2.0 m.; -6.7 m. in rock ; lined above with massive masonry 4.8 m.;4 courses, of linen: sA-f Snb; (2) standing man facing to left holding live goose in arms: sA-f KA-ir-f.
Chamber: type 3 am; on S;3.25 x 2.85 m.; h. 2.13 m.; area, 9.26 sq. m. ; capacity, 19.72 cu. m.
Passage: 1-27 x 1.2 m. and 1.12 m. high; step down from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 0.6 m.
Blocking : interior blocking of white masonry set in plaster ; penetrated at left upper corner by a hole 50 x 30 cm.;
No canopic pit.

G 4631:
-addition to the front of G 4630.
See pES_WCem and Figs. 300 (shaft A), 301 (shaft B), 302 (shaft C), 303 (shaft D).
Excavated: Jan. 4-16, 1914.

Mastaba: type VIII e (1), with north end cased with z-masonry; (7 courses); 18.6 x 7.0 m.; area, 130.2 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.65; h. 3.5 m.
Apparently built around smaller mastaba with stone-built retaining wall which is visible behind collapsed west wall of chapel.
Chapel : interior c.b. corridor chapel of type (5 a); 14.9 x 0.8 m.; area, 11.92 sq. m.;

G 4730
:
-row 3, line 7.
See pES_WCem.
Excavated: Dec. 25, 1913, to Feb. 28, 1914.

Mastaba : core type IV-i, not cased; 22.9 x 10.0 m.; area 229.0 sq. m.;
Chapel: no trace of chapel; probably none ever built.
Shaft G 4730 A: sole shaft (one-shaft mastaba); 2.07 x 2.07 m.; -3.05 m. in rock; lined above with masonry, 4-75 m.; 6 courses; no chamber, type 7 x, unused. prop. 1/2-29; h. 4.75 m.; 4 courses.G 4830:
-row 3, line 8.
Excavated : February 1-25, 1914.

Mastaba : core type IV-i, not cased; 21.3 x 8.7 m.; area, 185.31 sq. m.; prop, 1/2.45; h. 4.2 m.; 4 courses.
Chapel: no trace of a chapel.
Shaft G 4830 A : sole shaft (one-shaft mastaba) ; 2-07 x 2.16 m.; -7.3 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry,
Chamber: type 6 b (2) irregular; on south; 1.85 x 1.45 m. and 0.95 m. high; area, 2.52 sq. m.; irregular, capacity,G 4840:
-row 4, line 8.
Junker, Giza I, pp. 249-255.
Owner: Princess Weneshet.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 23.6 x 11.0 m.; area, 259.6 sq. m.; prop, 1/2.14; h. 3.7-4.4 m.; 5 courses.
Chapel : chief southern chapel of type (2 b) and subsidiary north chapel of undetermined type;
Shaft G 4840 A: sole shaft; 2.1 x 2.1 m.; contracting to I.85 x 1.85 m.; -10.0 m. in rock; lined above with massive
Chamber: type 4 b (2), unfinished; on south; 3.2 x 2.95 m. and 3.0 m. high; area, 9.44 sq. m.; capacity, 28.32
Passage: 0.5 x 1.05 and 2.8 m. high.
No coffin: no canopic receptacle.

G 4850:
-row 5, line 8.
Junker, Giza I, pp. 248-249.

Mastaba : core type IV-i, not cased; 25.3 x 11.3 m.; area, 285.89 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.23; h. 4.4 m.
Chapel : east face overbuilt by intrusive constructions.
Shaft G 4850: sole shaft; 2.1 x 2.1 m.; contracting to 1.85 x 1.8 m.; -9.6 m. in rock; lined above with massive
masonry, 4.4 cm.
Chamber : type 4 a (2) ; on south; 1.55 x 1.6 m. and 1.05 m. high ; area, 2.48 sq. m.; capacity, 2.6 cu. m.
Passage: 1.6 x 1.05 m. and 1.05 m. high.
Found open and empty with no trace of burial or equipment.

G 4860:
-row 6, line 8.
See Junker, Giza I, pp. 242-248.
Owner: slab-stela with name broken off.

Mastaba: core type II a, not cased; 25 x 11.5 m.; area, 287.5 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.17; h. 4.5 m.
Chapel : slab-stela found in face of core near south end indicating a c.b. chapel of type (1 a?);
Shafts in G 4860 : two shafts ; chief shaft A north of middle and shaft B intruded south of it.
Shaft G 4860 A: 2.1 x 2.05 m. contracting to 1.95 x 1.95 m.; -8.5 m, in rock; lined above with small courses of drab limestone, 4.5 m.; 11 courses.
Chamber : type 4 a (2) ; first begun on south and changed to west on account of bad rock (Junker); 3.23 x 2.22 m. and 1.82 m. high; area, 7.16 sq. m.; capacity, 13.58 cu. m.
Passage: 1.5 x 0.8 and 1.82 m. high.
Blocking: interior masonry of type II b (1).
Canopic recess: at east end of south wall; 0.6 x 0.66 m.
Shaft G 4860 B : intruded south of A; 1.35 x 1.25 m.; -3.25 m. in rock; lined above with rubble, 4-45 m.
Chamber : type 6 b (4) irregular ; on south ; long chamber bent askew to avoid bad rock ; available floor, 2.0 x

5. The six mastabas of the fourth addition: G 4320-4820.

G 4320:
-row 2, line 3.
See pES_WCemand Fig. 24 (shaft).

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; originally about 23 m. long, but southern end broken down and overbuilt by
the small late mastaba G 43 I I belonging to Nefer-her-n-ptah with a decorated chapel ; size of core as preserved,
21.35+ x 9.6 m.; area, 204.95 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.22; h. 3.8 m. ; 3-7 courses.
Chapel: probably exterior c.b. chapel, now completely destroyed by weathering;
Shaft G 4320 A: sole shaft but with two burial chambers; 2.05 x 2.1 m.; lined with massive masonry, 3.8 m.;
5 courses; in SE quarter a smaller shaft cut in rock, 1.65 x 1.45 m. contracting to 1.4 x 1.4 m. at bottom; -3.6 m. in rock; two chambers:1.68 cu. m.; found open and empty; remains of rubble blocking.
Chamber (2): at 3.2 m. in rock; type 6 a (2); on west; 1.6 x 1.0 m. and 1.0 m. high; area, 1.6 sq. m.; capacity, 1.6 cu. m.; found open and empty: remains of rubble door blocking.

G 4420:
-row 2, line 4.
See pES_WCem and Figs. 307 (shaft A).
Owner: Tetuw.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 23.2 x 9.7 m.; area, 225.04 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.39; h. 4.0 m.; 4-5 courses.
Shaft G 4420 A: sole shaft ; 2-05 x 2.2 m.;lined with massive masonry, 4.0 m,, 5 courses ; small rock cut -4,95 m,
Chamber: type 5 b (2), irregular; on north; 1.83 x 1.2 m. and 1.25 m. high; area, 2.2 sq. m.; capacity, 2.75 cu. m.
Passage: 0.25 x 0.85 m. and 1.3 m. high.

G 4520:
-row 2, line 5:
See pES_WCem and Figs. 204 (false-door), 309 (shaft).
Owner : Khufuw-ankh.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 22.8 x 9.9 m.; area, 225.72 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.3; h. 3-75 m., 3-4 courses.
Chapel: type (4 a) with exterior N-S room; built in a recess broken in the massive core.
Total area, (a)-(b), 11-69 sq. m.
Shaft G 4520 A: sole shaft, north of middle, 2.15 x 2.05 m.; lined with massive masonry, 3.75 m.; 7 courses; in the SW corner a smaller rock-cut shaft, 1.47 x 1.47 m.; -3.9 m. in rock ; at 3.9 m. is a ledge and the shaft descends contracted to 1.03 x 1.1 m. to a total depth of 6.2 m. in rock; 3 chambers.
Chamber (1): at 1.15 m. in rock; type 6 d; on east; 1.0 x 0.1 m. and 0.8 m. high; area 0.10 sq. m.; capacity, 0.08 cu. m.; found completely cleared out.
Chamber (2): at 3.9 m. in rock; type 4 b (I); on south; 3.1 x 1.5 m. and 1.6 m. high; area, 4.65 sq. m.; capacity, 7.44 cu. m.
Passage: 0.57 x 0.8 m. and 1.24 m. high ; found completely cleared out.
Chamber (3) : at 6.2 m. in rock ; type 5 a (1); on west; 2.7 x 2.3 m. and 1.4 m. high ; area, 6.21 sq. m.; capacity, 8.69 cu. m.
Passage: 0.35 x 1.05 m. and 1.2 m. high.
Blocking : partly in and partly out of doorway ; rough masonry with sloping face on shaft side mud plastered ;

G 4620:
-row 2, line 6.
See pES_WCem and Figs. 311 (shaft).
Owner: Ka-nofer.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 22.85 x 9.85 m.; area, 225.07 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.32; h. 4.05 m.; 3 courses.
Chapel : exterior rubble chapel of type (1 d); one N-S offeringroom with face of core as west wall; 7.2 x 1.5 m.; area, 10.8 sq. m.; prop. 1/4.8; no niche in west wall ; entered from east at north end of east wall.
Shaft G 4620 A : sole shaft; 2.05 x 2.1 m.; -5.20 m. in rock ; linedabove with massive masonry, 4.35 m.; 5 courses.
Chamber : type 4 b (1) irregular; on south; 3.0 x 2.75 m. and 1.75 m. high ; area, 8.25 sq. m.; capacity, 14.43 cu m.;
lower part of shaft and walls of chamber mended with small pieces of stone and plaster.
Passage: 1.0 x 1.5 m. and 1.8 m. high.
Blocking : interior blocking of type II c (2), penetrated.

G 4720
:
-row 2, line 7.
See pES_WCem and Figs. 313 (shaft).
Excavated: February 1st to March 13th, 1914.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 23.3 x 9.8 m.;area, 228.34 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.38; h. 5.0 m.; 4 courses.
Shaft G 4720 A: sole shaft; 2.2 x 2.2 m. lined with massive masonry, 5.0 m.: 5 courses; smaller rock-cut shaft in NW corner, 1.6 x 1.8 m.; -5.0 m. in rock.
Chamber : type 4 b (I) irregular ; on south; 2.5 x 1.7 m. and 1.55 m. high; area, c. 4.0 sq. m. (irregular); capacity,
Passage: 0.5 x 1.3 m. and 1.4 m. high; irregular step down from floor of passage to floor of chamber, 0.15 m.
Blocking: interior wall of rough masonry set in plaster; type

G 4820:
-row 2, line 8.
See pES_WCem and Fig. 315 (shaft).
Excavated: Feb. 12-18, Dec. 29, 31, 1914; Jan. 2, 5, 12, 1915.

Mastaba: core type IV-i; not cased; 23.9 x 10.3 cm.; area, 246.17 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.32; h. 4.4 m., 4 courses.
Shaft G 4820 A : sole shaft; 2.05 x 2.05 m.; lined with massive masonry, 4.6 m.; 7-8 courses; rock-cut smaller shaft in SW corner; 1.5 x 1.5 m. at top contracting to 1.0 x 1.1 m.; -3.7 m. in rock; lower part of shaft and chamber irregularly cut in bad rock.
Chamber : type 6 b irregular ; on south ; c. 2.1 x 1.4 m. and 1.3 m. high ; area, c. 2.94 sq. m.; capacity, 3.82 cu. m.

G 4310:
-row 1, line 3.
See pES_WCem and Fig. 316 (shaft).
Excavated: December 31st, 1915, to January 5th, 1916.

Mastaba: core type IV-i, not cased; 24.0 x 9.5 m.; area, 228.0 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.52; h. 4.1 m.; 5-6 courses.
Shaft G 4310 A: sole shaft; 2.05 x 2.2 m.; lined with masonry above, 4.2 m.; 6 courses ; smaller rock-cut shaft in SW corner; 1.4 x 1.35 m.; -5.0 m. in rock ; two chambers.
Chamber (1); at 2.4 m. in rock; type 6 b (1); on south; 1.8 x 1.05 m. and 1.05 m high; area, 1.9 sq. m.; capacity, 1-99 cu. m. ; found open and empty.
Chamber(2): at 5.0 m. in rock ; type 6 b (2); on south; 1.65x 1.15 m. and 1.0 m. high; area, 1.89 sq. m.; capacity, 1.89 cu. m.
Blocking : exterior Ieaning wall set in plaster ; blocking type IV b (I).

G 4410: originally core of type IV-i in row 1, line 4.
See pES_WCem and Figs. 317 (shaft).
Excavated: December 21st-31st, 1915.

Mastaba: in place of an old core and perhaps reconstructed from its blocks of stone; reconstructed mastaba of type IX a (I) with retaining walls of large blocks of grey
nummulitic limestone (with sloping faces partly dressed) ; 22.75 x 9.8 m.; area, 220.25 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.33; h. 3.8 m.; sloping batter.
Chapel : exterior chapel of type (8 g) built of u-masonry contains a N-S offering-room with serdab behind its south wall and an exterior c.b. room.
Shaft G 4410 A: sole shaft; 1.7 x 1.6 m.; -11.9 m. in rock; lined above with massive masonry, 3.8 m.; 6 courses.
Chamber: type 4 b(1); on south; 3.55 x 3.0 m. and 1.95 m. high; area, 10.65 sq. m.; capacity, 20.76 cu. m.
Passage: 0.9 x 1.6 m. and 1.95 m. high.
Blocking : interior rough stone set in mud; type II c (2); upper part penetrated by thieves.
Coffin : white limestone coffin with qrst lid: outside, 2.6 x 1.02 and 0.75 m. high ; height of qrst lid, 0.2 m.; inside, 2.0 x 0.5 and 0.55 m. deep; standing N-S along west wall of chamber; well-dressed surfaces.
Built canopic receptacle : in SE corner, partly destroyed ; outside, 0.8 x 1.2 m. and 0.45+ m. high.

G 4411 = LG 51: built between G 4410 and G 4420 projecting into street to east.
Excavated: April 19th-25th, 1914.
See pES_WCem and Fig. 319. Pl. 72 a.
Owner: Sekhem-ka.

Mastaba: type VIII a; 3.75 x 10.65 m.; area, 39.93 sq. m.; projection: 8.3 x 3.35 m.; area, 27.81 sq. m.; total area,
Chapel : two-room interior chapel : 67-74 sq. m.; E-W mastaba; h. 4.8 cm. of grey nummulitic block.
Total area (a), (b), 8.89 sq. m.; relation 1/3.11.
Shaft G 4411 A: one shaft west of chapel against south end of G 4420; 1.3 x 1.35 m; -5.9 m. in rock; lined with masonry on east, south, and west, 4.8 m.; 14 courses.
Chamber: type 4 b (1); on north (slightly askew); 3.2 x 2.45 m. and 2.0 m. high; area, 7.84 sq. m.; capacity, 15.68 cu. m.
Passage: 1.0 x 1.05 m. and 2.0 m. high.
Blocking : completely removed.
Coffin: white limestone coffin without lid; outside, 2.35 x 0.77 and 0.72 m. high; inside, 2.0 x 0.42 m. and 0.46 m. deep.

G 4510:
-row 1, line 5:
See pES_WCem and Figs. 320 (shaft).
Excavated: January 17th and December 11th-12th, 1915.

Mastaba: core type IV-i; not cased; 23.5 x 10 m.; area, 235.0 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.35; h. 3.7 m., 3-4 courses.
Shaft G 4510 A: sole shaft; 2.0 x 2.15 m.; lined with massive masonry3.7 m. ; 6 courses ; smaller rock-cut shaft in SW corner; 1.55 x 1.5 m.; -4.2 m. in rock.
Chamber: type 6 b(1); on south; 3.0 x 1.9 m. and 1.45 m. high; area, 4.8 sq. m.; capacity, 6.96 cu. m.
Blocking: exterior leaning masonry wall bound with mud; type IV c (2); broken by thieves.

G 4610:
-row I, line 6:
See pES_WCem and Figs. 322 (shaft).
Excavated: March 11th-22nd, 1914; November 14th-23rd, 1915.

Mastaba: core type IV i, not cased; 23.0 x 10.0 m.; area 230.0 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.3; h. 4.15 m., 3-4courses.
Shaft G 4610: sole shaft; 2.1 x 2.1 m.; lined with massive masonry, 4.15 m., 5 courses; smaller rock-cut shaft in NW corner, 1.7 x 1.75 m.; -5.15 m. in rock ; above the smaller shaft is lined with rubble resting on rock ledge, carried up to a height of 0.95 m. above rock.
Chamber: type 4 b (1); on south; 2.9 x 2.35 m. and 2.2 m. high ; area, 7.25 sq. m.; capacity, 15.95 cu. m.; roof
Passage: 0.95 x 1.1 m, and 1.3 m. high; rough sloping step down from floor of passage to floor of chamber.
Blocking : interior blocking of two walls of masonry bound with plaster and filled between with rubble.
Coffin pit: along west side; 2.45 x 1.05 m. and 0.65 m. deep ; lined on east side with masonry set in plaster.

G 4710 = L.G. 49: row 1, line 7; last core in row:
See pES_WCem and Figs. 324 (shaft).
Excavated: March 6th-10th, 1914; November 20th-24th, December 4th, 1915.
Owner: Sethuw.

Mastaba : core type IV-i, with recess broken out for interior chapel and cased with nummulitic masonry converting the mastaba into type VI a ; the core could not be measured; final mastaba, 24.6 x 11.6 m.; area, 285.36 sq. m.; prop. 1/2.12; h. 4.5 m.
Chapel: interior one-niched offering-room of type (3 a) built partly of white limestone and partly of nummulitic (mixed); with subsidiary north niche; with exterior c.b. chapel of type (1 f) containing three rooms (b-d).
Shaft G 4710 A: sole shaft; 2.05 x 2.05 m; contracting to 1.7 x 1.7 m.; at bottom; -8.0 m. in rock.
Chamber: type 4 a (2) x; on south; 3.1 x 3.6 m. and 1.6 m. high; area, 11.16 sq. m.; capacity, 17.85 cu. m.
Passage: 1.25 x 1.2 m. and 1.25 m. high on shaft side and 1-65 m. on chamber side owing to sloping floor.
Blocking: interior rough stones and rubble set in plaster.
Coffin: along west side; white limestone coffin with flat lid (type d): outside, 2.0 x 0.73 m. and 0.6 m. high;
Canopic pit : in SE corner, partly built and partly sunk in floor; 0.9 x 0.75 m. and 0.6 m. deep (-0.2 m. in rock).